Ezekiel 33

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1 And the word of Jehovah came unto me, saying,

1-5. Those who are instructed by the preacher concerning falsities and do not take heed perish. P. P.
1-33. Of those who instruct and are instructed. P. P.

2 Son of man, speak to the children of thy people, and say unto them, When I bring the sword upon a land, and the people of the land take a man from among them, and set him for their watchman;
3 if, when he seeth the sword come upon the land, he blow the trumpet, and warn the people;
4 then whosoever heareth the sound of the trumpet, and taketh not warning, if the sword come, and take him away, his blood shall be upon his own head.

2, 7, 10, 12, 24, 30. See Chapter XXXII., 2-18. L. 28.

5 He heard the sound of the trumpet, and took not warning; his blood shall be upon him; whereas if he had taken warning, he would have delivered his soul.

5 A trumpet signifies the revelation of Divine truth from heaven. E. 55.

6 But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned, and the sword come, and take any person from among them; he is taken away in his iniquity, but his blood will I require at the watchman’s hand.
7 So thou, son of man, I have set thee a watchman unto the house of Israel; therefore hear the word at my mouth, and give them warning from me.

6, 7. When the teacher sees falsities and does not give instruction concerning them, he perishes. P. P.

8 When I say unto the wicked, O wicked man, thou shalt surely die, and thou dost not speak to warn the wicked from his way; that wicked man shall die in his iniquity, but his blood will I require at thy hand.
9 Nevertheless, if thou warn the wicked of his way to turn from it, and he turn not from his way; he shall die in his iniquity, but thou hast delivered thy soul.

8, 9. The same is true of everyone who teaches doctrine, if he teaches and his teaching is not heeded, or when he does not teach. P. P

10 And thou, son of man, say unto the house of Israel: Thus ye speak, saying, Our transgressions and our sins are upon us, and we pine away in them; how then can we live?
11 Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord Jehovah, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?

10, 11. In this manner they must now be taught in the church, so that they may be converted, because the Lord desires the salvation of all. P. P.

12 And thou, son of man, say unto the children of thy people, The righteousness of the righteous shall not deliver him in the day of his transgression; and as for the wickedness of the wicked, he shall not fall thereby in the day that he turneth from his wickedness; neither shall he that is righteous be able to live thereby in the day that he sinneth.
13 When I say to the righteous, that he shall surely live; if he trust to his righteousness, and commit iniquity, none of his righteous deeds shall be remembered; but in his iniquity that he hath committed, therein shall he die.
14 Again, when I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die; if he turn from his sin, and do that which is lawful and right;
15 if the wicked restore the pledge, give again that which he had taken by robbery, walk in the statutes of life, committing no iniquity; he shall surely live, he shall not die.
16 None of his sins that he hath committed shall be remembered against him: he hath done that which is lawful and right; he shall surely live.

12-16. If the evil man becomes good, his evil is forgiven; if the good man becomes evil, his good is not regarded. P. P.
14, 16, 19. Upright signifies truth which is from charity. A. 612.
Judgment stands for truth, which is of faith; and justice for good, which is of charity. A. 2235.
It is said judgment and justice because in the Word whenever truth is treated of, good is also, because of the heavenly marriage in each thing, which is the marriage of good and truth. A. 9263.
See Chapter XVIII., 5. S. 85.
See Chapter XVIII., 5. R. 668.
See Chapter XVIII., 5· T. 51.
15 et seq. See Chapter XVIII., 5-9, 21. A. 9263.

17 Yet the children of thy people say, The way of the Lord is not equal: but as for them, their way is not equal.
18 When the righteous turneth from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, he shall even die therein.
19 And when the wicked turneth from his wickedness, and doeth that which is lawful and right, he shall live thereby.
20 Yet ye say, The way of the Lord is not equal. O house of Israel, I will judge you every one after his ways.

17-20. These things are Divine justice. P. P.

21 And it came to pass in the twelfth year of our captivity, in the tenth month, in the fifth day of the month, that one that had escaped out of Jerusalem came unto me, saying, The city is smitten.
22 Now the hand of Jehovah had been upon me in the evening, before he that was escaped came; and he had opened my mouth, until he came to me in the morning; and my mouth was opened, and I was no more dumb.
23 And the word of Jehovah came unto me, saying,

21-26. A perverted church declares that they are the church, because they have the Word, nevertheless they falsify the Word, worship another god and do evil. P. P.

24 Son of man, they that inhabit those waste places in the land of Israel speak, saying, Abraham was one, and he inherited the land: but we are many; the land is given us for inheritance.
25 Wherefore say unto them, Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Ye eat with the blood, and lift up your eyes unto your idols, and shed blood: and shall ye possess the land?
26 Ye stand upon your sword, ye work abomination, and ye defile every one his neighbor’s wife: and shall ye possess the land?

24, 28, 29. See Chapter XII., 19, 20. Coro. 56.

27 Thus shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: As I live, surely they that are in the waste places shall fall by the sword; and him that is in the open field will I give to the beasts to be devoured; and they that are in the strongholds and in the caves shall die of the pestilence.

27 See Chapter XIV., 21. A. 7102.
See Chapter XXIX., 5· R. 567.
By wild beasts, in the opposite sense, are signified lusts of the false from evil. The man of the church thereby spiritually perishes. Therefore everywhere in the Word, where the vastation of the church is treated of, it is said, that they shall be given to the wild beasts. E. 650.
27, 28. The desolation of all the truth, and the vastation of all the good of the church is meant. They that are in the waters shall fall by the sword, signifies those who are principled in scientifics shall perish by falsities. By the total desolation, here spoken of, are meant the scientifics of the natural man, without light from the spiritual. E. 388
27-29. And will perish by reason of falsities of evil. P. P.

28 And I will make the land a desolation and an astonishment; and the pride of her power shall cease; and the mountains of Israel shall be desolate, so that none shall pass through.
29 Then shall they know that I am Jehovah, when I have made the land a desolation and an astonishment, because of all their abominations which they have committed.

28 The desolation and complete vastation of the spiritual church, which the Israelites represented, is described. E. 405.

30 And as for thee, son of man, the children of thy people talk of thee by the walls and in the doors of the houses, and speak one to another, every one to his brother, saying, Come, I pray you, and hear what is the word that cometh forth from Jehovah.
31 And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but do them not; for with their mouth they show much love, but their heart goeth after their gain.
32 And, lo, thou art unto them as a very lovely song of one that hath a pleasant voice, and can play well on an instrument; for they hear thy words, but they do them not.
33 And when this cometh to pass, (behold, it cometh,) then shall they know that a prophet hath been among them.

30–33. Notwithstanding that they hear the Word, and are in external worship. P. P.
31 See Chapter XXII., 27. A. 8711

Author: Emanuel Swedenborg (Compiled by Robert S. Fischer 1925)