Ezekiel 45

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1 Moreover, when ye shall divide by lot the land for inheritance, ye shall offer an oblation unto Jehovah, a holy portion of the land; the length shall be the length of five and twenty thousand reeds, and the breadth shall be ten thousand: it shall be holy in all the border thereof round about.
2 Of this there shall be for the holy place five hundred in length by five hundred in breadth, square round about; and fifty cubits for the suburbs thereof round about.
3 And of this measure shalt thou measure a length of five and twenty thousand, and a breadth of ten thousand: and in it shall be the sanctuary, which is most holy.
4 It is a holy portion of the land; it shall be for the priests, the ministers of the sanctuary, that come near to minister unto Jehovah; and it shall be a place for their houses, and a holy place for the sanctuary.
5 And five and twenty thousand in length, and ten thousand in breadth, shall be unto the Levites, the ministers of the house, for a possession unto themselves, for twenty chambers.

1-5. Concerning that church, its outmosts will be holy. P. P.

6 And ye shall appoint the possession of the city five thousand broad, and five and twenty thousand long, side by side with the oblation of the holy portion: it shall be for the whole house of Israel.

6-8. The holy of doctrine. P. P.

7 And whatsoever is for the prince shall be on the one side and on the other side of the holy oblation and of the possession of the city, in front of the holy oblation and in front of the possession of the city, on the west side westward, and on the east side eastward; and in length answerable unto one of the portions, from the west border unto the east border.

7, 8, 17. See Chapter XLIV., 3. A. 5044.

8 In the land it shall be to him for a possession in Israel: and my princes shall no more oppress my people; but they shall give the land to the house of Israel according to their tribes.

8 Concerning the inheritances, how they were assigned to the several tribes. See Chapter XLVIII., 1 et seq.
By tribes are understood all things of the Lord’s kingdom, or all things of faith and love, for these constitute the Lord’s kingdom. A. 3858.

9 Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: Let it suffice you, O princes of Israel: remove violence and spoil, and execute justice and righteousness; take away your exactions from my people, saith the Lord Jehovah.

9-25. Its statutes. P. P.

10 Ye shall have just balances, and a just ephah, and a just bath.

10 An ephah means good, because by it and by an omer were measured dry things which served for food, as wheat, barley, fine flour, and by substances that are used for food are signified good. By a bath and by a hin were measured liquids, which served for drink, so that by these measures were signified truths. That which contains receives its signification from that which is contained. A. 8540.
By these measures and weights is signified estimation according to the quality of good and truth. E. 692.
10 et seq. This is said of the holy land, by which is signified the Lord’s kingdom in the heavens. There will be no balances, ephah, and baths, but goods and truths, which are signified by those weights and measures. A. 3104.
10, 11, 13, 14. This is said of the new earth and the new temple, by which is signified the Lord’s spiritual kingdom. There will be neither a homer, nor an ephah, nor a bath, neither wheat, nor barley, nor oil. Spiritual things are signified, which have relation either to the good of charity, or the truth of faith. A, 8469.
10, 11, 14. Holy things of Jehovah are described by measures, which signify the kinds of holy things. Ten here stands for the remains of celestial things, and of spiritual things therefrom. A. 576.

11 The ephah and the bath shall be of one measure, that the bath may contain the tenth part of a homer, and the ephah the tenth part of a homer: the measure thereof shall be after the homer.

11 See Chapter XLV., 10. A. 8540.
11, 13, 24. By a hin is signified the quantity for conjunction and by an ephah the quantity for reception, oil also conjoined the fine flour, and the flour received it, for in the bread offering there was oil and fine flour. A. 10262.
11, 14. See Chapter XL., 7, 11,48. A.5291.

12 And the shekel shall be twenty gerahs; twenty shekels, five and twenty shekels, fifteen shekels, shall be your maneh.

12 By shekel and by manch, and by the numbers are signified holy things, that is, good and truth. In the internal sense the number determines the estimation, or the price of what is good, and what true. A. 2959.
Twenty with reference to the Lord signifies His own, (proprium) which is Holy itself. A. 10222.

13 This is the oblation that ye shall offer: the sixth part of an ephah from a homer of wheat; and ye shall give the sixth part of an ephah from a homer of barley;
14 and the set portion of oil, of the bath of oil, the tenth part of a bath out of the cor, which is ten baths, even a homer; (for ten baths are a homer;)

13 Since six signifies full, by a sixth is signified in the spiritual sense, that which is complete and entirely. R. 610.
13, 14, 24. The ephah and the bath are here divided not into ten, but into six, because the subject here is not celestial good and its conjunction, but spiritual good and its conjunction. A. 10262.

15 and one lamb of the flock, out of two hundred, from the well-watered pastures of Israel; -for a meal-offering, and for a burnt-offering, and for peace-offerings, to make atonement for them, saith the Lord Jehovah.

15 The sabbath which was the most holy representative of the church, was so called from rest or peace, therefore also the sacrifices called peace-offerings were commanded. E. 365.

16 All the people of the land shall give unto this oblation for the prince in Israel.
17 And it shall be the prince’s part to give the burnt-offerings, and the meal-offerings, and the drink-offerings, in the feasts, and on the new moons, and on the sabbaths, in all the appointed feasts of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin-offering, and the meal-offering, and the burnt-offering, and the peace-offerings, to make atonement for the house of Israel.
18 Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: In the first month, in the first day of the month, thou shalt take a young bullock without blemish; and thou shalt cleanse the sanctuary.

16, 22. They who are in the Lord’s spiritual kingdom are called the people of the land. The prince is truth Divine, which is from the Lord. A. 2928.

19 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin-offering, and put it upon the door-posts of the house, and upon the four corners of the ledge of the altar, and upon the posts of the gate of the inner court.
20 And so thou shalt do on the seventh day of the month for every one that erreth, and for him that is simple: so shall ye make atonement for the house.
21 In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, ye shall have the passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.

19 By temple is here meant the church of the Lord. See also Chapter XL., 9, 10, 14, 16, 24. A. 7847.

22 And upon that day shall the prince prepare for himself and for all the people of the land a bullock for a sin-offering.

22-24. That in the new church there are not burnt-offerings and sacrifices may be known to everyone. By them are signified the celestial things of love, and the spiritual things of faith, for these are of the Lord’s kingdom. A. 2830.

23 And the seven days of the feast he shall prepare a burnt-offering to Jehovah, seven bullocks and seven rams without blemish daily the seven days; and a he-goat daily for a sin-offering.

23 The terms seven, and seven times signify all things, also what is full. E. 257.

24 And he shall prepare a meal-offering, an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for a ram, and a hin of oil to an ephah.
25 In the seventh month, in the fifteenth day of the month, in the feast, shall he do the like the seven days; according to the sin-offering, according to the burnt-offering, and according to the meal-offering, and according to the oil.

24 An ephah stands for good. See also XLV., 10. A. 8540.

Author: Emanuel Swedenborg (Compiled by Robert S. Fischer 1925)