GABRIEL s. an angelic society consisting of those who teach from the Word, that Jehovah came into the world, and that the human which he there assumed, is the Son of God, and is divine. A. R. 538.
GAD, in a supreme sense, s. omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. A. R. 352. G., in an opp. sense, s. the quality of those who are not in the good of faith, and thus not in good works. 3935.
GAHOM den. various religious principles grounded in idolatrous worship. 2868.
GAIN den. every false principle derived from evil, which perverts the judgment of the mind. 8711. See To Trade.
GALBANUM (Exod. xxx. 34) s. the affection of interior truth in the internal man. 10.294.
GALEED, a heap and a witness (Gen. xxxi. 47), s. quality on the part of good of the divine natural principle. 4196.
GALILEE, Cana of, s. the church among the Gentiles. A. E. 376.
GALL s. the same as wormwood, infernal falsity. A. R. 410.
GALL OF ASPS s. the enormous false which exists from falsified truths of the Word. A. E. 433.
GALL and WORMWOOD s. evil and the false commixed with good and truth. A. E. 519. To turn judgment into g. s. to turn truth into the false ; and the fruit of righteousness into w. s. to turn good into evil. (Amos vi. 12.) A. E. 355.
GALL-BLADDER. They who constitute that province are to the back; they are they who in the life of the body have despised what is virtuous, and in some measure what is pious, and also who have brought virtue and piety into discredit. 5186.
GALLEY, WITH OARS, s. intelligence from man’s proprium. A. E. 514.
GAMMADIMS, the, IN THE TOWERS (Ezek. xxvii. 11) s. the knowledges of interior truth. 4599.
GANGLIA. Spirits des. having reference to the g. 5189.
GARDEN (Isa. i. 30) s. the rational man destitute of rational truth. A. E. 504. G., in a bad sense, s. things sensual and scientific. 130. In the midst of the g. (Gen. ii. 9) s. in the will of the internal man. 105. See Forest, Eden, Cast out.
GARDEN and PARADISE s. intellect and wisdom. 100, 108. grove, and plantation, s. intellectual knowledge. 100, 108, 3222. plant g. (Jer. xxix. 5, 28) has respect to the understanding. 710. man of the church is like a g., as to intelligence, when he is in the good of love from the Lord, because the spiritual heat which vivifies him is love, and spiritual light is intelligence thence derived ; that by means of these two principles, heat and light, g. flourish in this world, is well known, and it is the same in heaven, where there appear g. paradisiacal with fruit trees, according to the wisdom of the inhabitants derived from the good of love from the Lord. But around those who are intelligent and not in the good of love, there do not appear g., but grass; and around those who are m faith separate from charity, not even grass, but sand. A. R. 90. See Flowers.
GARDEN IN EDEN EASTWARD (Gen. ii. 8), in a supreme sense, is the Lord ; in its inmost sense, it is the kingdom of the Lord, or heaven, wherein man is placed when he is made celestial. 99. To dress and keep the G. of E. (Gen. ii. 15) s. to enjoy all things belonging to the celestial man, but not to possess them as his own, because they are the Lord’s. 122.
GARDEN OF GOD (Ezek. xxviii. 13) s. the rational principle of the spiritual church. 1588.
GARDEN OF JEHOVAH (Gen. xiii. 10) s. the things appertaining to the rational principle from a celestial origin, as was the case with tbe most ancient church. 1588.
GARLIC s. the corporeal part of man. A. E. 513.
GARMENT. It is said (Deut. xxii. 11), ” Thou shalt not wear a g. of divers sorts; as of woollen and linen together,” which words involve that the states of good and truth ought not to be confounded; for those who are in the spiritual kingdom of the Lord, cannot be also in his celestial kingdom at the same time, and vice versa. 10.669. G. of the intwinings of gold and of needlework (Ps. xlv. 13) s. the Lord’s divine truth. 5044. A g. down to the foot (Rev. i. 13) s. the proceeding divine, which is divine truth. A. R. 43. It is a peculiar circumstance in the spiritual world, that a spirit thinks himself to be such as the g. is which he wears; the reason is, because in that world the understanding clothes every one C. S. L. 354. See Black Garment.
GARMENTS and VESTURE. That no injury should be done to the internal or spiritual sense of the Word was s. by the g. of the Lord being divided by the soldiers, and not the v., which was without seam, woven from the top throughout (John xix. 23), for by the g. of the Lord is s. the Word; by the g. which were divided, the Word in the letter; by the v., the Word in the internal sense; and by the soldiers are s. those who fought in favor of the goods and truths of the church. A. E. 375.
GARMENTS. Frequent mention is made of g. in the Word, and by them are meant those things which are beneath or without, and which cover those things that are above or within; wherefore by g. is s. the external of man, consequently, the natural principle, for this covers his internal and spiritual principle; by g. are specifically s. the truths which are of faith, because these cover the goods which are of charity; this significative has its origin from the g. with which spirits and angels appear clothed; spirits appear in g. without splendor, but angels in g. with splendor, and, as it were, from splendor, for splendor itself appears around them as a g., like the Lord’s g., when he was transfigured, which were as the light (Matt, xvii, 2), and as white lightning (Luke ix. 29), from their g. also, spirits and angels may be known, as to their quality. 5248. The g. of the angels not only appear such, but really are what they appear to be; and also they have change of raiment, which they put on and off, and lay by for future use. H. and H. 177, 181, 182. The infernal spirits have g., but such only as are ragged and filthy. H. and H. 182. G. of holiness which Aaron wore (Lev. xvi. 2, 4 ; Exod. xxviii. etc.), rep. the Lord’s divine human principle. 2576. G. of honorableness (Isa. lii. 1) s. the holy things of faith. 2576. G. of the Lord (Isa. lxiii. 1) s. the Word in the literal sense. A. E. 922. G. of the Lord, at his transfiguration s. divine truth proceeding from his divine love. 9212, 9216. G. of needlework, fine linen, and silk (Ezek. xvi. 10, 18) s. the spiritual inferior things and doctrinals of the spiritual church perverted. 2576. G. of salvation s. the truths of faith, and the robe of righteousness, the good of charity. (Isa. lxi. 10.) 2576. G. of wrought gold (Ps. xlv. 13) s. the quality of truth derived from good. 5954. G. and clothing (Isa. lxiii. 1, 3) s. the Lord’s human. 2576.
GARNER, GRANARY, or BARN (Matt. iii. 12, and xiii. 30) s. where there is a collection of the good. A. E. 426.
GAS. The inhabitants of Mars know how to make fluid fires, from which they have light. 7486.
GATE (Amos v. 15) s. the passage to the rational mind. 2943. G. of a city s. doctrine by which there is an entrance into the church. 2943, 4447, 4478. G. of heaven (Gen. xxviii. 17) s. the ultimate principle in which order closes. 3721. G. s. introductory knowledges of what is good and true, out of the literal sense of the Word. A. R. 899, 901, 904. With every man there are two g., one leads to hell, which is open to evils and false principles therein originating, in this g. are infernal genii and spirits; the other g. leads towards heaven, and is open to goodnesses and truths therein originating, and in this g., are angels. The rational mind is the middle point to which these two ways tend. 2851. See Ways.
GATES. Baptism and the holy supper are, as it were, two g. to eternal life. Every Christian man, by baptism, which is the first g., is admitted and introduced into the things which the church teaches from the Word concerning another life; which all are means by which man may be prepared for and led to heaven. The other g. is the holy supper, through which every man, who has suffered himself to be prepared and led by the Lord, is admitted and introduced into heaven. There are no more universal g. T. C. R. 721.
GATH s. the spiritual principle of the church. A. E. 700.
GATHER, to (Gen. vi. 21), is pred. of those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered; it also implies, that goodnesses and truths should be gathered together in man before he is regenerated. 679. To g. together in a place to battle (Rev. xvi. 1C) s. to excite combat against truths in defence of falses. A. R. 707, 858. To be gathered to his people (Gen. xxv. 10), in the internal sense of the Word, where the subject is concerning the life of any one, as being rep., s. that he is no longer treated of; the ancients were accustomed to say when any one died, that he was gathered to his fathers, or to his people, and they understood thereby, that he actually came to his parents, his relations and kinsfolk in another life ; for they knew that all who are in the same good meet and are together in another life ; and likewise all who are in the same truth; of the former they said that they were gathered to their fathers, but of the latter that they were gathered to their people. 3255. A. E. 659.
GATHERERS, grape, s. falses. A. E. 919.
GAZA, or AZZA, s. tilings revealed concerning charity. 1207.
GEBAL (Ps. lxxxiii. 7) s. those who are principled in the externals of worship and doctrine. 2468.
GEDALIAH, KING of BABEL (Jer. xli. 1, 8) s. the profanation of good and truth. A. E. 374.
GEHENNA, is the hell of those in the concupiscences of adultery. 9010.
GEMS are pred. of truths grounded in good. 3812.
GENEALOGY. It was customary with the most ancient people to give names, and by names to s. things, and thus to institute a g.; for whatever has relation to the church may be considered in such a genealogical view, wherefore such names are common in the Word. 339.
GENERA and SPECIES. Goods and truths, celestial and spiritual, are distinguished into their g. and s. with indefinite variety. 775.
GENERAL, or common things, precede, into which particulars are insinuated. A. E. 904.
GENERATE, to (Isa. lxv. 23), is pred. of things that are of faith; and to labor, of the things that are of love; the latter are called the seed of the blessed of Jehovah, and the former are called offspring. 613. Generation in the Word, relates to the work of regeneration. 613, 1145. Generation of generations (Ps. lxxii. 5) s. the churches after the flood 337. Members or organs of generation cor. to celestial love, which is the love of the third or inmost heaven. 5062. A. E. 213. Generations of the heavens and of the earth (Gen. ii. 4) s. the formations of the celestial man. 89. Perpetual generations or generations of an age (Gen. ix. 12) s. all who are perpetually created anew. 1041.
GENERATED s. to be regenerated according to a life of divine truth. A. E. 419.
GENERATION. The soul is the seed of the father, and is clothed with a body in the womb of the mother. T. C. R. 92.
GENESARETH, lake of (Luke v. 1), s. the knowledges of truth and good in the whole complex. A. E. 514.
GENESIS. The whole of the historical parts of the Word summarily involve the things which are treated of in the spiritual sense of the first sixteen chapters of G. S. E. L. P. p. 70.
GENII s. such as are principled in evil; and spirits are such as are principled more especially in what is false. C. S. L. 71. A. C. 5030. G. (the infernal) greedily draw in concupiscences, and inhale their sphere. A R.837.
GENITALS cor. to the marriage of good and truth. 4462. In an opp. Sense to the loves of hell. A. E. 1009.
GENIUS. From the hereditary g., in a long succession, children inherit a particular g. 2300-1.
GENTILES, the, who have thought well of their neighbor, and lived in good-will to him, receive the truths of faith in another life better than they who are called Christians; and more of the g. are saved than of the Christians. 2284. Some of the g. spirits who lived a good life in this world, in one night are initiated into choirs, or into the company of spirits who speak together all as one, and each as all; whereas with many Christians it requires the space of thirty years to effect the same purpose. 2595. The g. cannot profane holy things like Christians. 1327. Amongst the g., in another life, the Africans are most beloved, inasmuch as they receive the good things and truths of heaven more easily than others. 2604.
GERAR (Gen. x. 19) s. those things which are revealed concerning faith. 1207.
GERMANS. Concerning the spiritual characteristics of the G. T. C. R. 8145. The G. in the spiritual world are arranged towards the north. L. J. 48.
GERMINATIONS are the productions of wisdom, originating in love. A. Cr. 66-9.
GERSHOM (Exod. xviii. 3) den. the quality of the good of truth, among those who are without the church. 8650.
GESTURES cor. to affections. 4215.
GETHER den. various knowledges concerning good. 1233.
GHOST. See Spirit.
GIANTS (Gen. vi. 4) s. those who, through a persuasion of their own height and pre-eminence set at naught whatever is holy and true. 580-583.
GIBEAH (2 Sam. vi.) s. the natural or ultimate principle of the church. A. E. 700. G. s. the same as Baale Judah, which see. G., Ramah, and Bethaven (Hosea v. 8), den. those things which appertain to spiritual truth, derived from celestial. 4592.
GIBEON. Sun standing still upon G. s. total vastation of the church. A. E. 401.
GIBEONITES (Josh. ix. 21-27) s. those who are continually desirous of knowing truths; but for no other end than to know, without any regard to the use thence to be derived; such were reckoned amongst the most vile. 3058.
GIFT, an hidden (Gen. xliii. 23), den. the truth and good which are given by the Lord, whilst man is ignorant of it. 5664. The g. which Abraham gave to the sons of the concubines which he had (Gen. xxv. 6) s. lots in the Lord’s spiritual kingdom. 3246. To send g. (Rev. xi. 10) s. to be associated by love and friendship, because a g. consociates, for it begets love, and causes friendship. A. R. 508.
GIHON, the river (Gen. ii. 13), s. the knowledge of all things relating to goodness and truth. 116.
GILEAD, mount (Gen. xxxi. 21,23), as being a boundary, in a spiritual sense, s. the first good, which is that of things appertaining to the bodily senses, for it is the good, or pleasurable enjoyment of these, into which man is first of all initiated who is regenerated. In this sense, G. is taken in the prophets, as Jer. viii. 52; xxii. 6 ; xlvi. 11; l. 19; Ezek. xlvii. 18; Obad. ver. 19; Micah. vii. 14; Zech. x. 10;Ps. lx. 7; and, in an opp. sense, Hosea vi. 8; xii. 11. 4117. G. and Lebanon (Zech. x. 10) s. the good of charity, and the good and truth of faith. A. E. 328.
GILGAL s. the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church. A. R. 700.
GINS s. enticement and deception of evils. 9348.
GIRD ONE’S SELF, to (John. xxi. 18), s. to know and apperceive truths in the light from good. 10.087.
GIRDLE, or ZONE, a, in the Word, s. a common band, whereby all things are kept in their order and connection, or a band conjoining the goods and truths of the church. A. R. 46. Golden g. (Rev. i. 13) s. the proceeding and conjoining divine which is divine good. A. R. 46, 671. A linen g. (Jer. xiii. 1-7) s. all the truth of doctrine from the Word. A. E. 951. The leathern g. about the loins, worn by Elijah, rep. the literal sense of the Word, as to the goods thereof. 5247. To make themselves g., or things to gird about (Gen. iii. 7), s. to be effected with shame. 216.
GIRGASHITE and JEBUSITE (Gen. xv. 21) s. falses derived from evils. 1867.
GIRLS and BOYS s. the goods and truths of innocence. A. E. 863.
GIVE, to, Food (Gen. xli. 48) s. to store up. 5342.
GIVE us THIS DAY OUR DAILY BREAD s. the perpetuity and eternity of a state. 2838.
GLAD. To make g. influx and reception from joy of heart. A. E. 518.
GLADNESS and SONGS (Gen. xxxi. 47), are pred. of truths. 4137.
GLAND. Those who have reference to the g., are in the principle of good. 4052.
GLASS, sea of, like unto crystal (Rev. iv. 6), is so called from the lucidity of the divine truth proceeding from the Lord. A. R. 238.
GLASS, pure. (Rev. xxi. 18.) The City of New Jerusalem is here said to be pure gold, like pure g., because gold s. the good of love from the Lord, and like pure g. s. pellucid from divine wisdom, and whereas the latter appears in heaven as light, and flows from the Lord as a sun ; by being like clear g. is s. flowing in together with light out of heaven from the Lord. A. R. 912. See Sea of Glass.
GLOBE does not s. the g. of the earth, but the church in it; but when g. and earth are mentioned together, g. s. the church with respect to good, and earth s. the church with respect to truth. A. R. 551.
GLORIFICATION, the Lord’s, is spoken of in the Word, and in the internal sense it is everywhere spoken of. 2249, 2523, 3245, 10.828. G. of the Lord’s humanity s. the union of his humanity with his divinity; for to glorify is to make divine. 1603, 10.053, 10.828. The g. of the Lord (Rev. v.) takes place first in the superior heavens, then in the inferior heavens, then in the lowest heavens; and lastly confirmation and adoration by the superior heavens. A. R. 275. The g. of the Lord by man, when proceeding from the Lord, is the perpetual influx of divine good united to divine truth, with angels and men ; with these the g. of the Lord is the reception and acknowledgment in heart, that all good and truth is from the Lord, and thence all intelligence, wisdom, and felicity; this, in a spiritual sense, is s. by thanksgiving. All g. of the Lord which is made by angels of heaven and the men of the church, is not from themselves, but flows in from the Lord. The g. which is from man only, is not from the heart, but only from the memory and mouth, and what proceeds from these is not heard in heaven. A. E. 288. G. of the Lord in the heavens sometimes resembles an irradiation, flowing downwards, and affecting the interiors of the mind. This g. is celebrated, when the angels are in a state of tranquillity and peace, for it then flows forth from their inmost joys and very essential felicities. 2133.
GLORIFICATIONS and CELEBRATIONS of the LORD, in heaven, are made from the Word, because in such case, they are made from the Lord, for the Lord is the Word, that is, essential divine truth therein. C. S. L. 81.
GLORY s. divine truth as it is in heaven, because divine truth is the light of heaven, and from that light all the splendor and magnificence and g. is derived there. 4809, 9429. A. E. 42. In proportion as a society in heaven is in divine truth, in the same proportion all things there are resplendent, and in the same proportion the angels are in the splendor of g. A. R. G29. G. (Isa. iv. 5) s. spiritual good and truth. A. E. 594. G. (Matt. xxiv. 30) s. the Word in its spiritual sense. A. R. 24. G., originating in pride, is in them who are in the love of self, and g., not originating in pride, is in them who are in the love of uses. This latter g. is from spiritual light, but the former from mere natural light. A. R. 940. To give g. (Rev. xix. 7) s. to acknowledge and confess that all truth is from the Lord; also to acknowledge that the Lord is God of heaven and earth, here, therefore, it s. to glorify, because this includes both. A. R. 812. To give g. to God s. to live according to divine truth. A. E. 874. G. of the Gentiles (Isa. lxvi. 22) s. the conjunction of good and truth. A. E. 365. The g. of God (Rev. xxi. 11) s. the Word in its divine light, which shines from the Lord by means of the spiritual sense, because the Lord is the Word, and the spiritual sense is in the light of heaven which proceeds from the Lord as a sun, and the light which proceeds from the Lord as a sun is, in its essence, the divine truth of his divine wisdom. A. R. 897.
GLORY and PRAISE. (Isa. xlii. 12.) To give g. to Jehovah is to worship him from internals; and to declare his p. is to worship him from externals. A. E. 406.
GLORY and STRENGTH. By g., in the Word, when spoken of the Lord, is meant divine majesty, and it is pred. of his divine wisdom, and by s. is meant divine, omnipotence, and it is pred. of his divine love. A. R. 22.
GLORY and VIRTUE. (Rev. xv. 8.) G. s.divine spiritual truth; and v., divine celestial truth. A. R. 674.
GLORY and WISDOM. (Rev. vii.) The reception of divine truth in the middle or second heaven is called g., and the reception of divine truth in the third heaven is called w. A. E. 405.
GLORY, WISDOM, and THANKSGIVING s. the Lord’s divine spiritual principle; and HONOR, VIRTUE, and MIGHT, his divine celestial principle. (Rev. vii, 12.) A. R. 372.
GNASHING OF TEETH. Disputation heard at a distance like. A. R. 386.
GNAW, to, the TONGUE s. to detain the thought from hearing truths. A. R. 696.
GO, to. Inasmuch as to g. and to be moved s. to live, therefore it was said by the ancients, that ” in God we are moved, we live, and are,” and by being moved is meant the external of life, by living, its internal, and by being, its inmost. 5605. A. E. 768.
GO AFTER, to, or TO FOLLOW (Gen. xxiv. 8), s. to be separated from the natural, and conjoined to the rational principle. 3042.
GO DOWN, to, TO SEE (Gen. xviii. 21) s. judgment, and consequently, visitation. 2242.
GO FORTH, to (Gen. xix. 14), s. to recede from, or not to remain in [evil]. 2401. To g. f. (Gen. xli. 45) den. influx, or to flow in. 5333.
GO NEAR, to (Gen. xxxiii. 12), s. adjunction and conjunction. 4376.
GO OUT, to, FROM THE FACE OF JEHOVAH (Gen. iv. 16) s. to be separated from the good of faith grounded in love. 308. To g. o. to meet (Gen. xiv. 17) s. to submit themselves. 1721. To g. o. (Gen. xxviii. 10) s. to live more remotely. 3600. To g. o. and to come in (Zech. viii. 10) s. the states of life from beginning to end. A. E. 695.
GO TO THE FATHER, to (John xvi. 28), s. to unite the human to the divine essence. 3736.
GO UP, to, and TO GO DOWN. In the Word throughout, mention is made of going up, and going down, in speaking of going from one place to another, not by reason of one place being more elevated than another, but because going up is pred. of going towards interior or superior things, and going down, of going towards exterior or inferior things, that is, because going up is pred. of going towards spiritual and celestial things, for these are interior things, and are also believed to be superior ; and going down is pred. of going towards natural and terrestrial things, for these are exterior things, and are also to appearance inferior. 5406. The divine love flows into the affection of good, and thence into the affection of truth, and vivifies and ill. the things which are in the natural man, and in this case, disposes them to order; this is s. by going down. Hereby truths are elevated out of the natural man into the rational, and are conjoined with good therein, and this is s. by going up. 3084.
GOAT, from cor., s. the natural man. The g. which was sacrificed (Lev. xvi. 5-10) s. the natural man as to a part purified, and the g. which was sent into the wilderness, the natural man not purified. A. E. 730. G. (Lev. xvi. 21, 22) s. faith; and because by the truth of faith man is regenerated by the Lord, and consequently, his sins are removed and cast into hell, therefore it is said, that “Aaron made the g. bear upon him all the iniquities of the children of Israel unto the land of separation, or into the wilderness.” 9937. G. and ram (Dan. viii.); g. s. those who are in falses of doctrine because in evils of life, and ram, those who are in truths of doctrine because in goods of life. A. E. 734. He-g. of the she-g., in the Word, s. natural truths, i.e., truths of the external man, from which the delights of life are derived; also external truths grounded in delights. The truths of the external man, from which the delights of life are derived, are truths divine, such as are those of the literal sense of the Word, in which the doctrinals of a genuine church are grounded. These are properly s. by he-g., and the delights which are thence derived are s. by she-g.; thus by he-g. of the she-g., in a genuine sense, are s. they who are in such truths and consequent delights; but in the opp. sense, they who are in external truths, i.e., in appearances of truth derived from the sense of the letter, which are agreeable to the delights of their life, as those which are agreeable to the delights of the body, which in general are called pleasures, and which are agreeable to the delights of the mind [animus], which, in general, are honors and gains favoring self-love and the love of the world. 4769. She-g. (Gen. xxx. 32) s. the good of truth, or the charity of faith. 3995. G. s. the good of innocence in the external and natural man. 9470. G. s. faith separate from charity. A. R 586.
GOBLETS. Scientifics of the memory, as receptacles of truth. 9394.
GOD, in the supreme sense, is the divine which is above the heavens, but G., in the internal sense, is the divine which is in the heavens; the divine which is above the heavens is divine good, but the divine in the heavens is divine truth, for from the divine good proceeds the divine truth, which constitutes heaven and disposes it in order. 7268. G. is the term applied (Gen. vi. 11), and in the subsequent parts of that chapter, because there was now no church. 619. The word G. is used, and not Jehovah (Gen. viii. 1), because as yet man was in a state before regeneration ; but when he is regenerate, and faith is joined with charity in him, then mention is made of Jehovah, as at vs. 20, 21. 840. G. (Gen. xxii. 8) s. the divine human. 2807. G. (Dan. xi. 38) s. the truth of the Word falsified. A. E. 714. The Lord’s internal man, which is Jehovah himself, is called G. most high, and before a plenary conjunction or union was effected, is called possessor of the heavens and the earth. (Gen. xiv. 19.) 1733. The Lord is called G. of Israel, because Israel is the spiritual church, and he is called rock, because rock s. divine truth, which is in the spiritual church from him. (2 Sam. xxiii. 3, 4.) A. E. 179. G. is love itself, and wisdom itself, and these two constitute his essence. U. T. 87. G., by reason of his being love itself, and wisdom itself, is also life itself, which is life in himself. U. T. 39. G. is in all space, without space, and in all time without time. U. T. 30. D. L. W. 69, 73. The humanity whereby G. sent himself into the world, is the son of G. U. T. 92. G. was made man, and man G., in one person. U. T. 101. That which man loves above all things is his G. U. T. 293. Upon a just idea of G. the whole heaven and the whole church, and all things of religion are founded, because thereby conjunction is effected with G., and by conjunction heaven and eternal life. Preface to A. R. and n. 469. G. is to be thought of from essence to person, and not from person to essence, for they who think concerning G. from person make G. three, but they who think of him from essence make G. one. A. R. 611. The thought only of G. as a man, in whom is the divine trinity of father, son, and holy spirit, opens heaven; but. on the contrary, the thought concerning G. as being not a man (which appears in the spiritual world as a little cloud, or as nature in its least principles), shuts heaven, for G. is a man (homo) even as the universal angelic heaven in its complex is man (homo) and every angel and spirit is thence a man (homo). A. E. 1097.
GOD TEMPTED ABRAHAM (Gen. xxii. 1) s. the Lord’s grievous and inmost temptations. 2766, 2768.
GOD of JACOB. Goods in act. A. E. 405.
GOD and CHRIST. (Rev. xii. 10.) G. s. the essential all-creating divinity, which is called Jehovah the father, and C. s. his divine humanity, which is called the son of G. A. R. 553.
GOD and the FATHER. In the spiritual sense two persons are not s. thereby, but by G. is understood the divine or divinity, with respect to wisdom, and by f., the divine or divinity with respect to love. A. R. 21.
GOD and JEHOVAH. The term G., as applied in the Word, is grounded in ability, or potency, but the term J., in esse, or essence; hence it is that the term G. is used in speaking of truth, and the term J. in speaking of good, for ability is pred. of truth, when esse is pred. of good, inasmuch as good has power by truth, for by truth, good produces whatsoever exists. 3910.
GOD and the LAMB, in the Revelation, do not mean two persons, but divine good and divine truth in heaven, both proceeding from the Lord. A. E. 287. A. R. 584.
GODS. In the Word it is occasionally said that there is none as Jehovah God, also that there is no God as he. It was so said in the Word because at that time they worshipped several G. in the land where the church was, as also in the lands where the church was not; and every one preferred his own God to the God of another; they distinguished them by names, and the God of the Israelites and Jews by the name Jehovah; the Jews and Israelites themselves believed also that several G. were given, but that Jehovah was greater than the rest by reason of miracles; wherefore when miracles ceased they instantly lapsed into the worship of other G., as is evident from the historicals of the Word. 7401. (See Shaddai.) ” Thou shalt have no other G. before me,” s., in the spiritual sense, that no other God is to be worshipped but the Lord Jesus Christ, inasmuch as he is Jehovah, who came into the world and accomplished the work of redemption, without which, neither man nor angel could have been saved. The celestial sense of this commandment is, that the Lord Jehovah is infinite, immense, and eternal; that he is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent; that he is the first and the last, the beginning and the end, who was, who is, and will be: that he is essential love, and essential wisdom, or essential good and essential truth, consequently, essential life; and thus the individual one from whom are all things. U. T. 294, 295. To be as G. (Gen. iii. 5) s. to be under the guidance of self-love. 204. G. (Gen. xxxv. 2) s. falses. 4581. G. of the kings of Ashur (Isa. xxxviii. 19) s. reasonings from falses and evils, which agree with the proprium of man. A. E. 585. G. of silver s. falsities, and G. of gold, evil lusts. (Exod. xx. 23.) 1551. The angels cannot speak the word G,, but God. A. R. 961. The angels are called G. from the divine truth which they receive from the Lord. A. E. 313, 688.
GOG and MAGOG s. those who are principled in external natural worship, and not in internal spiritual worship. A. R. 858.
GOIIM s. goods. 1685.
GOLD (Rev. xxi. 18) s. the good of love from the Lord. A. R. 912. G., when twice mentioned, s. the good of love, and the good of faith originating in love. (See Gen. ii. 11.) 110. G. of Sheba (Ps. lxxii. 14) s. wisdom derived from divine truth. A. R. 379. G. tried in the fire (Rev. iii. 18) s. the good of celestial love. A. R. 311. G. s. spiritual good, and fine g. celestial good. (Ps. xix. 11.) A. E. 619. G. and precious stones (Rev. xvii. 4) s. divine spiritual good, and divine spiritual truth, both derived from the Word. A. R. 726. G. s. the knowledges of things celestial, and silver, the knowledges of things spiritual. (Ezek. xvi. 17.) 1551. G., brass, and wood, rep. the three celestial principles; the inmost principle is rep. by g., the inferior by brass, and the lowest by wood. (Isa. lx. 17.) 113, 1551, 9881.
GOLDEN AGE. The ancients distinguished the times, from the first age of the world to the last, into golden, silver, copper, and iron ages, to which also they added an age of clay. The g. a. they called those times when there was innocence and integrity. (See Most Ancient Church.) But they called silver those times when there was no longer innocence, but still a species of integrity; the copper and iron ages they called those which were still inferior. They gave these names from cor., not from comparison. 5658. See Silver Age.
GOLDEN ALTAR s. the very essential divine good and truth in the Lord’s divine human. 3210.
GOLDEN CALF, the, in a spiritual sense, s. carnal pleasure. U. T. 849.
GOLIATH the PHILISTINE rep. those who are in truths without good; or those who are in the pride of self-derived intelligence. A. E. 781.
GOMER den. those who are in external worship. 1131.
GOMORRAH s. the lust of bearing rule from a principle of the false. 2141.
GOOD, with man, is from a twofold origin; namely, from what is hereditary, and thence adscititious; and also, from the doctrine of faith and charity; in the case of the gentiles from their religious principles. 4988. G. from the Lord is continually flowing in; and, as it were, presses and solicits to be received. 5471, 5497. G. is essentially the holy divine proceeding from the Lord, and flows by a superior way, or door, into man. 3207. G. is called Lord, in respect to a servant, and father, in respect to a son. (Mal. i. 6 ; Ps. cv. 17, 20-22.) 4973. From g. all liberation and salvation is derived. 2709. A man does not know what g. is, in reality, before he is in g., and has his perceptions from it. 3325, 3330, 3336. The celestial see truths from g. alone. A. R. 121. If man lives in g., he is a heaven in its least form, or his interiors cor. to the three heavens. 5145. Unless a man is in g, his internal man is not opened, but remains closed. 10.367. No one can do g. which is really g. from himself; but at this day scarce any one knows whether the g. which he does be from himself, or from God. because the church has separated faith from charity. Dec. 9. He who is in g. is in the faculty of seeing truths which flow from general truths, and this in a continual series. 5527. G. is actually spiritual fire, from which spiritual heat, which makes alive, is derived. 4906. Every g. has its particular delight from use. 3049, 4984, 7038. Although divine g. is united to divine truth alone, it nevertheless flows into interior truths, and joins itself with them; yea, it even flows into scientific and sensual truths, which are scarce any thing but fallacies, and joins itself with them; if it were not so, no man could possibly be saved. 2554. There is civil g., moral g., and spiritual g. Civil g. is that which a man does whilst acting under the influence of civil law; and by this g. and according to it, he is a citizen in the natural world. Moral g. is that which a man does whilst acting under the influence of the law of reason ; and by this g., and according to it, he is a man. Spiritual g. is what a man does whilst acting under the influence of a spiritual law; and by this g., and according to it, he is a citizen in the spiritual world. These three kinds of g. follow in this order; spiritual g. is the supreme, moral g. is the middle, and civil g. is the ultimate, or lowest. Doc. of Life, 12. Natural g. is not really g., unless also it be made spiritual g. A. E. 619. Spiritual g. flows immediately into natural g., but mediately into natural truth. 3314, 4563. Celestial g. is g. in essence, and spiritual g. is g. in form. A. E. 283. When g. is so formed, that it may be intellectually perceived, it is called truth. 3049. G. has relation to the will, truth to the understanding; from the love of g. in the will, proceeds the love of truth in the understanding; from the love of truth proceeds the perception of truth; from the perception of truth, the thought of truth; hence comes the acknowledgment of truth, which is faith in its genuine sense. Dec. 36, 38. G. is to every one that which is the delight of his affection, and truth is that which is the pleasantness of his thought derived therefrom ; from the delights of the affections and the pleasantnesses of the perceptions and thoughts is derived the vital heat. D. P. 195. G. is Lord and truth is minister, and when it is said of a Lord that he gave authority to a minister, or of g., that it gave authority to truth, in the internal sense, it is not s. that it ceded the dominion thereto, but that it applied itself, for in the internal sense a thing is perceived as it is in itself, but in the sense of the letter, it is expounded according to appearance, for g. always has the dominion, but applies itself that truth may be conjoined to it. 4977. G. is called Lord, and truth servant, before they are conjoined, but afterwards they are called brethren. 4267. G. is connate to man, but not truth. 3304. The g. of the inmost heaven is called celestial, of the middle heaven spiritual, and of the ultimate heaven, spiritual natural. H. and H. 31.
GOOD of CHARITY, the, like a flame from heaven, illuminates truths, and manifests the deformity of fallacies. 5510.
GOOD of INFANCY, the, is not spiritual, but becomes so by the implantation of truth. H. and H. 277. Without the g. of i. and childhood derived from the Lord, man would be worse and more fierce than a wild beast. 3793.
GOOD of LOVE, the, is celestial good, which is that of love to the Lord; and the good of charity is spiritual good, which is that of love towards our neighbor A. R. 89. The g. of l. is not good except so far as it is united to the true of wisdom ; and the true of wisdom is not true, except so far as it is united to the g. of l. D. P. 2. The g. of l. does not operate any thing from itself, but through the truth of wisdom, nor does the truth of wisdom operate any thing from itself, but from the g. of l. A. R. 649. The g. of l. produces and disposes truths in order with man when he is regenerated, and afterwards holds them in order. 9846. The g. of l. and charity is entirely from the spiritual world. 5951.
GOOD of the NATURAL PRINCIPLE, the, is the delight which is perceived from charity, or from friendship which is grounded therein. 2184.
GOOD of REMAINS are three kinds; viz., good of infancy, good of ignorance, and good of intelligence. 2280.
GOOD of TRUTH, the, when it is with any one, is the good of life, for truth becomes good by a life according to it; before that, truth is not good with any one, for truth, when it is only in the memory, and thence in the thought, is not good, but is made good when it comes into the will, and from thence into act, for the will itself transforms truth into good, which is manifest from this, that whatsoever man (homo) wills, this he calls good, and whatsoever he thinks, this he calls truth. A. E. 458.
GOOD WORKS s. at once charity, and faith in internals, and at the same time their effects in externals. A. R. 949. They who primarily respect goods of charity, which are g. w., are in reality in truths of doctrine, but not on the contrary. A. R. 82.
GOODS and TRUTHS, all, which are in the natural or external man, are conceived and born from the rational or internal. 3677. G. and t. that are not absolutely genuine, serve as a means of introduction of those which are; and the former are afterwards relinquished. 3665, 3690, 4145. G. and t. internal, are s. by oil and wine; but g. and t. external, by wheat and barley. A. E. 376.
GOPHER WOOD (Gen. vi. 14) is a sulphureous wood, and s. concupiscences. 643.
GOSHEN, land of (Gen. xlvi. 28), s. the inmost of the natural mind. 5910.
GOSPEL, the, s. the coming of the Lord; and to preach the g. is to announce his coming. A. E. 613. G. is glad tidings, and the everlasting g. is the truths and goods of the Word revealed at the second advent of the Lord, which took place in the year 1757. A. R. 478.
GOVERNMENTS in the heavens are various; of one sort in the societies which constitute the Lord’s heavenly kingdom, and of another sort in the societies which constitute the Lord’s spiritual kingdom. G. in the Lord’s celestial kingdom is called justice, and in his spiritual kingdom is called judgment. There are also g. in the hells. H. and H. 213, 214, 215, 220.
GOVERNORS (Gen. xli. 34) s. things common or general, because these are over particulars. 5290. G. of Israel (Judges v. 9) s. the truths of the church. A. E. 355. G. in heaven dwell in the midst of their society, more elevated than others. H. and H. 218.
GOVERNS, the Lord, the human race as one man. D. P. 163. G. hell by opposites. D. P. 299.
GOURD, the, which God prepared to come up over the head of the prophet Jonah (iv. 6) s. the evil and self-love of the Jewish nation. A. E. 401. See Wild Gourds.
GRACE s. the salvation of mankind. 598, 981. ” To find g. in thine eyes,” was a customary form of speech on every occasion of respectivity 2157. To give g. (Gen. xxxix. 21) s. relief, for to give g. in temptations, is to comfort and relieve by hope. 5043. They who are principled in truth, and thence in good, implore only g.; whereas they who are principled in good, and thence in truth, implore mercy of the Lord. 2412. G. is applied to the spiritual, and mercy to the celestial. 598.
GRAIN s. interior goods and truths. 7112.
GRANARY, or BARN, s. heaven. A. E. 911.
GRAND or GREATEST MAN. The three heavens together constitute the g. or g. m. 4330. All who are therein are in heaven, but all who are not, cor. with the various corruptions and diseases of the human body, and are in hell. 4225. The g. m. is heaven. In the head of the g. m, are those who are called celestial; from the breast even to the loins are those who are called spiritual; and in the feet are those who are called natural. A. E. 708. Angels know in what province of the g. m. they are, but spirits do not. 4800. Not only these things in the body which are external and visible to the sight according to their functions and uses, cor. to the g. m., but also those things which are internal and not extant to the sight; consequently, both those things which are of the external man, and those which are of the internal man. The societies of spirits and angels to which the things of the external man cor., are in a great part from this earth ; but those to which the things of the internal man cor., are for the most part from other earths. 4330.
GRAPE, the blood of the, s. spiritual celestial good, which is the name given to the divine in heaven proceeding from the Lord; wine is called the blood of g., inasmuch as each s. holy truth proceeding from the Lord, but wine is pred. of the spiritual church, and blood, of the celestial church; and this being the case, wine was enjoined in the holy supper. 5118. G., in a good sense, mean goodness, and in an opp. sense, evil. 2240, 5117. To eat sour g. s. to appropriate to one’s self, the false of evil. A. E. 556. Wild g. (Isa. v. 1) s. evils opp. to the goods of charity. A. E. 375. G. and clusters s. works of charity, because they are the fruits of the vine and the vineyard, and by fruits, in the Word, are s. good works. A. R. 649. G. of gall and clusters of bitterness (Deut. xxxii. 32) s. evils from dire falses. A. E. 433. To gather g. s. to collect for use, especially such things as are serviceable to the understanding. (See Jer. vi. 9 ; Lev. xix. 10; xxvi. 5; Deut. xxvi. 7; xxiv. 21.) A. F. 919. To gather g. (Rev. xiv. 18) s. to bring forth the fruit, and to make an end, the same as to reap. A. R. 649. Gathering of g. s. the devastation of the church. A. E. 919. Gleaning g. when the vintage is done (Isa. xxiv. 13), s. the vastation of the church as to truth. A. E. 313.
GRAPE-GATHERERS (Obad. ver. 5) den. falses which are not from evil; by those falses the goods and truths stored up by the Lord in man’s interior natural principle, that is, remains, are not consumed, but by falses derived from evils, which steal truths and goods, and also apply them to confirm evils and falses by sinister applications. 5135. G.-g. s falses; thieves s. evils which devastate the truths and goods of the church ; but robbers s. falses as well as evils. (Obad. ver. 5.) A. E. 919.
GRASS s. the scientific principle, for as green g. serves animals for support, so scientific truth serves men for spiritual nourishment. A. E. 507. G. is scientific truth, and flower of the field is spiritual truth. (Isa. xl. 5, 6.) A. E. 507. Green g., in the Word, s. that good and truth of the church, and of faith, which first springs up in the natural man. This is also s. by herb in the field. A. R. 401. 426. Green g. also s. that which is alive with man; and g. burnt up s. that which is dead with him. A. R. 401. G. and the pulse of the herb (Ps. xxxii. 2) s. what is most vile. 996. G. s. science from a spiritual origin, or that by which spiritual truth is confirmed; but reeds and rushes s. science from a sensual origin, or that by which the fallacies of the senses are confirmed. (Isa. xxv. 7.) This science, considered in itself, is only of the lowest natural degree, which may be justly called material and corporeal, in which there is little or no life. A. E. 627.
GRASSHOPPERS s. the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural. 7643.
GRATE of NETWORK around the altar (Exod. xxvii. 4) s. the sensual external, or that which is the ultimate of life with man. 9726.
GRATIS. Truths are given g. from the Lord to those who desire them. A. E. 840.
GRATUITOUS GIFTS. In the heavens all the necessaries of life are given gratuitously. D. L. W. 334.
GRAVE (Ps. lxxxviii. 5) s. hell. A. E. 659. To come forth out of the g. (John v. 29) s. to come forth out of the material body, which is the case with every one immediately after death. A. E. 659. When the subject treated of is concerning those who are in truth from good, then by g. is s. the removal and rejection of the false from evil; and by burying, is understood exsuscitation and resurrection to life, as also regeneration ; for with man, who is in truths from good, the false from evil is removed and rejected to hell, and himself, as to his interiors, which are of his spirit, arises and enters into a spiritual life of truth from good. A. E. 659. G. s. the hell where evils predominate, and from whence they arise ; and destruction, the hell whence falses predominate and arise. (Ps. lxxxviii. 12.) A. E. 659. G. (John v. 28, 29) s. places in the inferior earth [of the spiritual world] where were reserved and kept by the Lord those who had previously lived a life of charity, and acknowledged his divine, and at the day of the last judgment were elevated into heaven. A. E. 899. “And the g. were opened, and many bodies of saints which slept arose and came out of the g. after his resurrection, and went into the holy city and appeared to many.” (Matt, xxvii. 52, 53.) They appeared in testification, that although they had been detained in spiritual captivity, unto the Lord’s coming, they were then liberated by him and introduced into heaven. 8018. See Monuments, Sepulchres.
GRAVEN IMAGE (Exod. xx. 4), which we are commanded not to make, s. that which is not from the Lord, but from the proper self-derived intelligence of man; that which is from his intellectual proprium is called g. i., and that which is from his voluntary proprium is called molten image ; to adore them, is to love that above all things which proceeds from them. 8869. See Idol, Image.
GRAVITY, in the natural world, cor. to good in the spiritual world, and extension to truth; the reason is, because in heaven, whence cor. are, there is not given either g. or extension, because there is no space; there appear indeed things heavy and extended, but they are appearances arising from the states of good and of truth in the superior heaven. 5658.
GREAT is pred. of good, and, in an opp. sense, of evil. A. R. 582.
GREAT DAY of GOD ALMIGHTY (Rev. xvi. 14) s. the coming of the Lord, and the establishment of a new church. A. R. 704.
GREAT LIGHTS (luminaries) s. love and faith, and are called in Gen. i. 14, 15, 16, 17, sun, moon, and stars. 31.
GREAT MEN (Rev. vi. 15) s. those who are in good, and, in an opp. sense, those who are in evil. A. R. 337. G. m. (Rev. vi. 25) s. internal goods, which are goods of the internal or spiritual man. A. E. 408. G. m. of Jerusalem, etc. (Jer. v. 5, 6), s. those who go before the rest in teaching truths and goods. A. E. 780.
GREAT and FAIR. (Isa. v. 9.) The former term is pred. of good and its affection, and the latter, of truth and its intelligence. A. E. 675.
GREAT and HIGH. G., in the Word, is spoken of good, and h., of truth. A. R. 337, 898.
GREAT and NUMEROUS. (Gen. xviii. 18.) G. is pred. of good, and n., of truth grounded in good. 2227.
GREAT and WONDERFUL (marvellous), when pred. of the Lord (Rev. xv. 1), have reference to his divine omnipotence, and his divine providence. For man, when he reflects on the greatness of the Lord, naturally looks to his divine omnipotence; and when he thinks of the Lord, as being w., he has respect to his divine providence. A. E. 927. G., in the Word, is said of such things as are of affection and love, and marvellous, of such things as are of thought and of faith. (Rev. xv. 1.) A. R. 656.
GREATER and LESSER s. good and truth. 3296.
GREATEST. In the g. and in the least things, the Divine is the same. D. L. W. 77-82.
GRECIANS s. the gentiles who are in falses. A. E. 242.
GREECE, in the Word, s. the nations about to receive the truths of doctrine. A. E. 50. It s. the same as isles. A. R. 34. The king of G. rep. the same as the goat. (Dan. viii. 2, 14.) F. 66.
GREEKS, sons of the (Joel iii. 6), s. the falses of evil. Also the gentiles which are in falses. A. E. 242.
GREEN s. the scientific and sensual principle. 7691. G., or flourishing, s. what is alive. A. R. 401. A. E. 507. The natural sphere round about the Lord appears g., like the emerald. A. R. 232.
GREY HAIR s. the last of the church. 5550.
GRIEF, anxiety of heart or will. 5887, 8.
GRIEVE at HEART, to, has respect to love, and to repent, to wisdom. (Gen. vi. 6.) 590.
GRIND, to collect and learn such things as are serviceable to faith. A. E. 163.
GRIND to POWDER, to (Exod. xxxii. 20), s. to form what is false from infernal pleasure, thus the infernal false. 10.464. See Mill.
GRINDERS, in the Word, are they who within the church are principled in truth from the affection of good; but in an opp. sense, they who within the church are principled in truth from the affection of evil. 4335.
GRIZZLED. See Spotted.
GROVE s. intelligence. U. T. 200. G. have various significations according to the particular kinds of trees growing in them. The g. where olives grew, s. the celestial things of worship ; the g. where vines grew, a. the spiritual things thereof; but the g. consisting of fig-trees, of cedars, of firs, of poplars, and of oak, s. various things appertaining to things celestial and spiritual. 2722.
GROVES and IMAGES in the OPEN AIR. (Isa. xvii. 8.) G. s. religion from falses, and i. religion from evils of the false. A. E. 391.
GROUND, in a universal sense, s, the church, and the man of the church in particular. 872. In the Word there is an accurate distinction made between g. and earth; by g. is everywhere s. the church, or somewhat relating to the church; hence also is derived the name of man, or Adam, which is g.; by earth (Gen. i.), is meant where the church is not, or where there is nothing relating to the church; earth only is named, because as yet there was no church, or regenerate man. In the second chapter mention is first made of g., because then there was a church. 566. When man is regenerate he is no longer called earth, but g., because celestial seeds are implanted therein ; he is also compared to g., and is called g. in every part of the Word. 268. See Earth.
GROW, to, s. to be perfected. 2646.
GRUB s. the falses and evils of the external man. 9331.
GUARD. The literal sense of the Word is a g., to prevent the interior divine truths of its spiritual sense from being injured. A. R. 898. To g. (Gen. xli. 35) den. to store up. 5298. G. (Gen. xxxvii. 36) s. those things that minister. 4790.
GUILE s. to deceive and seduce from a deliberate purpose. A. E. 866.
GUILTY. He is g. who knows that a thing is evil, and yet does not restrain himself. 9075.
GULF, great (Luke xvi. 26), is opp. and contrariety of the states of life. 9346.
GUM den. the truth of good. 5620.
GUTTERS (Gen. xxx. 38) s. good of truth in the natural principle. 4016.
GYRES. There are g. into which recent [newly deceased] spirits are obliged to be inaugurated, to the intent that they may be initiated into the consorts of others, so as both to speak and think together with them. The first introduction in to g. is, that they may be accommodated together; the second is, that the thought and the speech may be in concord together ; the third is, that they may mutually agree amongst each other as to the thoughts and as to the affections; the fourth is, that they may agree together in truths and goods. 5582.
GABRIEL s. an angelic society consisting of those who teach from the Word, that Jehovah came into the world, and that the human which he there assumed, is the Son of God, and is divine. A. R. 538.