Psalm 60

1 O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast broken us down,
Thou hast been angry; O restore us again.

1-5. Lamentation of the Lord, that He has been forsaken, together with the church. P. P.

3 See Psalm ii. 12. A. 8286.

3, 4. See Psalm xxvii. 13. R. 285.

That these things are said of the church and not of the earth is evident. E. 304.

Here the falling away of the church, and thence the irruption of falsities and the perversion of truth are signified by the breaches which were to be healed. The earth stands for the church. E. 400.

2 Thou hast made the land to tremble; thou hast rent it:
Heal the breaches thereof; for it shaketh.
3 Thou hast showed thy people hard things:
Thou hast made us to drink the wine of staggering.
4 Thou hast given a banner to them that fear thee,
That it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah.
5 That thy beloved may be delivered;
Save with thy right hand, and hear me.
6 God hath spoken in his holiness; I will exult,
I will divide Shechem, and mete out the valley of

4 Breach signifies damage done to the goods and truths of faith, thus to the church, to heal is to amend and to restore. A. 9163.

6 “for a hundred pieces of money.” Genesis xxxiii. 19, in the original for a hundred kesitah. Kesitah is derived from a word which signifies truth in Psalm lx. 6. A. 4400.

6, 7. Confidence respecting deliverance. P. P.

8 Succoth signifies tents, and tents the holy of truth. A. 4392.

7 Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is mine;
Ephraim also is the defence of my head;
Judah is my sceptre.
8 Moab is my washpot;
Upon Edom will I cast my shoe:
Philistia, shout thou because of me.
9 Who will bring me into the strong city ?
Who hath led me unto Edom ?

8, 9. Ephraim stands for the intellectual of the church and Manasseh for its voluntary. A. 5354.

8-10. By Shechem is signified the first state of light. A. 1441.

The washpot stands for good defiled by falsities. A. 2468.

8-11. A church internal and external is being instituted. In the highest sense respecting the Human of the Lord, that it will be made Divine. P. P.

Because Gilead was a boundary it signifies in the spiritual sense the first good, which is that of the senses of the body, for it is the good or the pleasure of these into which the man who is being regenerated is first of all initiated. A. 4117.

Judah a lawgiver is celestial good and its truth. A. 6372.

The understanding of the Word both true and false is described in the prophets by Ephraim, especially in Hosea, for Ephraim in the Word signifies the understanding of the Word in the church. Since the understanding of the Word makes the church, therefore Ephraim is called a dear son and a pleasant child in Jeremiah xxxi. 20 and here “the strength of the head of Jehovah.” S. 79. Manasseh signifies the voluntary of the church, he also signifies act, for the will is the effort of every act, and where there is effort there is action when it is possible. R- 355-

The statement under S. 79 repeated in T. 247.
By Manasseh is here signified the good of the church, by Ephraim the truth thereof, and by Gilead the natural. Since truth from natural good has Divine power, therefore it is said, Ephraim is the strength of my head. The reason why Divine power is by truth from good in the natural is, because the natural is the ultimate into which things interior, which are celestial and spiritual flow, and in which they exist and subsist together, and consequently are in their fulness, in which and from which is all Divine operation. E. 440.

10 The shoe represented the ultimate natural and corporeal which was to be put off. That it is the unclean natural and corporeal is also plain here. A. 1748.
See Psalm lvi. 1. A. 9340.

10-12. Edom stands for the good of the natural which is manifest from the signification of shoe, as the lowest natural. A. 3322.

10 Hast not thou, O God, cast us off?
And thou goest not forth, O God, with our hosts.
11 Give us help against the adversary;
For vain is the help of man.
12 Through God we shall do valiantly;
For he it is that will tread down our adversaries.

12 from His own power, P. P.

13 and from His Divine. P. P.

13 See Psalm xliv. 6, add: which is effected by those who are corporeal sensual, for they who are of such a character tread under foot all things of heaven and the church, for they are in the lowest principles, neither can their thoughts be elevated upward by the Lord, for they themselves let them down to the earth, and there they lick the dust. E. 632.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)