Psalm 69

1 Save me, O God;
For the waters are come in unto my soul.

1-5. The temptation-combats of the Lord even to despair, P. P.

2 Waters stand for falsities and also for temptations which are caused by injected falsities. A. 9050.

Soul is here used to denote the life of the spirit of man, which is called his spiritual life. E. 750.

2 I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing:
I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow
3 I am weary with my crying; my throat is dried:
Mine eyes fail while I wait for my God.
4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the
hairs of my head:
They that would cut me off, being mine enemies
wrongfully, are mighty:
That which I took not away I have to restore.
5 O God, thou knowest my foolishness;
And my sins are not hid from thee.
6 Let not them that wait for thee be put to shame through
me, O Lord Jehovah of hosts:
Let not those that seek thee be brought to dishonor
through me, O God of Israel.
7 Because for thy sake I have borne reproach;
Shame hath covered my face.
8 I am become a stranger unto my brethren.
And an alien unto my mother’s children.

2, 3, 15, 16. By depths as well as by deeps or abysses are signified hells, but by depths hells in respect of evils, and by deeps or abysses hells in respect to the falsities from evils.” See Jeremiah xlix. 8, 30. A. 8279.

See Psalm xlii. 8. E. 538.

3, 15, 16. Clay stands for evil in which there is falsity. A. 6669.

6 even to the thought of withdrawal. P. P.

7 See Psalm xli. 14. A. 7091.

7, 8. But He endured for the sake of those who awaited salvation. P. P.

9 See Psalm xxii. 23. E. 746.

9-13. He is shamefully treated by those with whom was the church. P. P.

9 For the zeal of thy house hath eaten me up;
And the reproaches of them that reproach thee are
fallen upon me.
10 When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting,
That was to my reproach.
11 When I made sackcloth my clothing,
I became a byword unto them.
12 They that sit in the gate talk of me;
And I am the song of the drunkards.

10 Speaking of the Lord. The zeal of the house of Jehovah stands for His love toward those who receive good and truth, for they are the house of Jehovah. A. 8875.

Zeal in the Word when the Lord is spoken of signifies love and wrath. Here love is meant. R. 216.

11 12. See Psalm xxx. 12. R. 492 –

See Psalm xxx. 12. E. 637.

13 They that dwell in the gate here stand for evils and falsities and also for the infernals. A. 2851.

In Matthew xvi. 18 the gates of hell not prevailing means that the hells durst not go forth and destroy the truths of faith. Gates in the opposite sense stand for an opening into hell. A. 10483.

13 But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, O Jehovah, in an
acceptable time:
O God, in the abundance of thy lovingkindness,
Answer me in the truth of thy salvation.
14 Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not sink:
Let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out
of the deep waters.
15 Let not the waterflood overwhelm me,
Neither let the deep swallow me up;
And let not the pit shut its mouth upon me.

14 The time, acceptable time, or time of the good pleasure of Jehovah signifies acceptance from a principle of love. Time signifies the existing state when predicated of men, but perpetually existing when predicated of Jehovah, thus His love because this is perpetual. By the latter clause of this verse is signified hearing and help springing from a principle of love by the Divine providence, which is Divine truth. E. 295.

14-21. Prayer to the Father for help lest these prevail. P. P.

15 16. That the pit here signifies the hells where and whence are falsities is manifest. Let not the pit shut her mouth upon me means, let not the hell whence are falsities, or the falsities from hell wholly possess me, so that I may not escape. The mire stands for the evil of what is false, to sink to perish thereby. Let me be delivered from them that hate me and out of deep wraters signifies to be liberated from the evils and falsities which are from the hells, haters mean evils thence derived, and deep waters falsities thence derived. The. deep means the hell where are the falsities of evil. E. 537.

16 Answer me, O Jehovah; for thy lovingkindness is good:
According to the multitude of thy tender mercies turn
thou unto me.
17 And hide not thy face from thy servant;
For I am in distress; answer me speedily.
18 Draw nigh unto my soul, and redeem it:
Ransom me because of mine enemies.
19 Thou knowest my reproach, and my shame, and my
Mine adversaries are all before thee.
20 Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of
And I looked for some to take pity, but there was none;
And for comforters, but I found none.
21 They gave me also gall for my food;
And in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
22 Let their table before them become a snare;
And when they are in peace, let it become a trap.
23 Let their eyes be darkened, so that they cannot see;
And make their loins continually to shake.
24 Pour out thine indignation upon them,
And let the fierceness of thine anger overtake them.

16 See Psalm xxx. 4. A. 4728.

18 See Psalm xiii. 2. E. 412.

That God is said to be nigh at hand to those who desist from evils, and afar off from those who are in evils is evident. A. 9378.

These passages prove that Jehovah and the Lord are one. R. 281.

See Psalm xix. 15. R. 613.
See Psalm xxvii. 8, 9. R. 939.
See Psalm xliv. 27. E. 328.

To draw nigh to the soul signifies the Lord’s conjoining it to himself, to redeem it signifies to vindicate it from evils. E. 328.

Verse quoted. D. P., Page 87.

22 Since the Jewish church falsified all the truths of the Word . . . and the Lord in all the things of His passion represented it by permitting the Jews to treat Him as they did the Word, because He was the Word, therefore they give Him vinegar mixed with gall, which is like wormwood, but tasting it He would not drink it. Wormwood signifies infernal falsity owing to its strong bitterness, by which it renders food and drink abominable. R. 410.

When He desired the good and truth of the church, they gave Him falsity and evil as upon the cross gall and vinegar. P. P.

22, 23. Table in the opposite sense signifies a receptacle of such things as are in hell. A. 9527.

22-24. These things being said concerning the Lord, by gall is signified truth mixed with the falsity which is opposite to truth, which is the falsity of evil. The falsities which obtained among the upright gentiles were of another kind and are signified by vinegar. By the Lord’s saying, “I thirst” was signified Divine spiritual thirst, which is of Divine truth and good in the church, by which mankind may be saved. By their table becoming a snare before them is signified the going astray of error in regard to every truth of doctrine from the Word. The table stands for all spiritual food, and spiritual food is everything of doctrine from the Word. Their eyes being darkened that they could not see signifies their understanding as to truth, their loins being made to shake continually signifies the will of good and the marriage union thereof with the understanding of truth. E. 519.

25 Let their habitation be desolate;
Let none dwell in their tents.
26 For they persecute him whom thou hast smitten;
And they tell of the sorrow of those whom thou hast
27 Add iniquity unto their iniquity;
And let them not come into thy righteousness.

22, 26. The last of the consummation of the Israelitish and Jewish church was accomplished when our Lord, the Saviour, after receiving the sponge of vinegar cried out upon the cross, “It is finished.” Coro. 59.

23-29. For this reason they are being destroyed. P. P.

24 The thighs and the loins signify marriage love in the first place, and thence all genuine love. A. 3021.

27 They are said to be pierced, or thrust through, because the sword by which this is done signifies the false destroying truth. Coro. 59.

28 Let them be blotted out of the book of life,
And not be written with the righteous.
29 But I am poor and sorrowful:
Let thy salvation, O God, set me up on high.
30 I will praise the name of God with a song,
And will magnify him with thanksgiving.
31 And it will please Jehovah better than an ox,
Or a bullock that hath horns and hoofs.
32 The meek have seen it, and are glad:
Ye that seek after God, let your heart live.
33 For Jehovah heareth the needy,
And despiseth not his prisoners.
34 Let heaven and earth praise him,
The seas, and everything that moveth therei

28, 29. Because remembrance is signified by writing in a book, therefore the faithful are said to be written in the book of life, for by Divine remembrance is signified salvation, and by non-remembrance, or forgetting, is signified damnation. A. 8620.

29 They that are in faith are said to be in the book of lives. A. 290.

The Word is here. meant by the book, from which and according to which all are to be judged. Therefore, to be written in the book, to be judged from the book, to be blotted out of the book, frequently occur where the state of the eternal life of any one is treated of. R. 256.
The reason why heaven is signified by the book of life is because a man who is in love and faith to the Lord is a heaven in- its least form, and this heaven corresponds to heaven in the greatest form, wherefore he who has heaven in himself also comes into heaven, for he is qualified for it. E. 199.

To write in the Word signifies to inscribe and implant into life. Therefore it is said of Jehovah, or the Lord, that He writes, and that He has written in a book, by which is understood what is inscribed by the Lord on the spirit of man, that is in his heart and soul, or what is the same in his love and faith. E. 222.

30, 31. See Psalm xl. 3, 4. A. 8261.

30-32. When He is delivered the gospel will be preached. P. P.

31 See Psalm xlii. 5. A. 420.

Confession involves the celestial of love. Genuine confession, which is from the heart, can only be from good. The confession which is from truth is called the voice of joy, the voice of them that make merry, and that sing praises. A. 3880.

See Psalm vii. 18. E. 326.
32 See Psalm xxix. 6. A. 9391.
33 34- See Psalm ix. 19. R. 209.
See Psalm ix. 19. E. 238.
33-3 7- because then those who are of the church will be
saved, and will worship Him. P. P.

34 The prisoners stand for those who are in vastations and in temptations. A. 5037.

35 Here the vastated man is described who is to be regenerated and will worship the Lord. A. 28.

The seas and the things which move therein cannot praise Jehovah, but the things in man that are signified by them and are living, thus from what is living within them. A. 994.

35 For God will save Zion, and build the cities of Judah;
And they shall abide there, and have it in possession.
36 The seed also of his servants shall inherit it;
And they that love his name shall dwell therein.

35, 36. According to the style of the Word all created things, as well those of the animal kingdom as those of the vegetable kingdom, signify the Various things in man, in general those which are of his will or affection, and those which are of his understanding or thought. They signify these things because they correspond to them. And as the Word is written entirely by correspondences, similar things are therefore said in it of the angels of heaven, and of the men of the church. R. 290.

In these passages by everything that moveth are understood the sensual, by Zion which God shall save, and by the cities of Judah which He shall build, is understood the celestial church and its doctrine, by Zion that church, and by cities the doctrine thereof. E. 342.

36, 37. To possess by inheritance is predicated of those who are in celestial love, and to inherit of those who are in spiritual love. A. 2658.

Dwelling and at the same time possessing is predicated of celestial good, but dwelling of spiritual good. A. 2712.

To possess hereditarily is predicated of those who are in celestial good, and to inherit of those who are in spiritual good, celestial good is the good of love to the Lord, and spiritual good the good of charity toward the neighbor. A. 9338.

By Judah are understood all they who are in good by truths from the Word. E. 119.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)