Psalm 71

1 In thee, O Jehovah, do I take refuge:
Let me never be put to shame.
2 Deliver me in thy righteousness, and rescue me:
Bow down thine ear unto me, and save me.
3 Be thou to me a rock of habitation, whereunto I may
continually resort:
Thou hast given commandment to save me;
For thou art my rock and my fortress.
4 Rescue me, O my God, out of the hand of the wicked,
Out of the hand of the unrighteous and cruel man.

1-4, 7, 12, 14. Confidence that the Father will assist Him. P. P.

2 See Psalm xvii. 6. A. 3869.

5 For thou art my hope, O Lord Jehovah:
Thou art my trust from my youth.
6 By thee have I been holden up from the womb;
Thou art he that took me out of my mother’s bowels:
My praise shall be continually of thee.
I am as a wonder unto many;
But thou art my strong refuge.
My mouth shall be filled with thy praise,
And with thy honor all the day.
Cast me not off in the time of old age;
Forsake me not when my strength faileth.
10 For mine enemies speak concerning me;
And they that watch for my soul take counsel together,

5 Whilst man is in the womb he is in innocence, whence his first state after birth is a state of innocence, and the Lord never dwells with man except in his innocence, wherefore He then especially dwells with him when he is in innocence, in like manner man is then in a state of peace. Wis. iii.

5, 16. In the Word of the Old Testament when the subject is the celestial things of love or good, it is said Jehovah, but when it is the spiritual things of faith or truth, it is said God. When both together are treated of it is said Jehovah God. The name Lord Jehovih is used when the aid of omnipotence is more especially sought and implored, as in Isaiah xl. 9-1 1. A. 2921.

6 The signification of that which openeth the womb is that which is born immediately of that which is regenerated, thus what is from charity. For he who is conceived anew comes as it were again into the womb, and he who is born anew goes forth as it were again from the womb, but that what is conceived in the womb and born from the womb is not man as man, but the faith of charity, for this makes the spiritual of man, thus as it were the man himself anew, for then his life is thence derived. A. 8043.

See Psalm xxii. 10. T. 583.

These things — Jeremiah i. 5 — are indeed said concerning the prophet Jeremiah, but still by prophet in the spiritual sense is understood one that teaches truth, and in the abstract sense the doctrine of truth, hence by forming him in the womb, and knowing him before he came forth from the womb is signified foresight that he could be in truth from good by regeneration, thus that he could receive and teach the Word. So in David. E. 710.

6, 7. He was the Father’s from birth. P. P.

11 Saying, God hath forsaken him;
Pursue and take him; for there is none to deliver.
12 O God, be not far from me;
O my God, make haste to help me.

8, 15-19, 22-24. And the name of God will be preached. P. P.

9-11. Let not the hells say that He has been forsaken by God. P.P.

13 Let them be put to shame and consumed that are adversaries
to my soul;
Let them be covered with reproach and dishonor that
seek my hurt.
14 But I will hope continually,
And will praise thee yet more and more.
15 My mouth shall tell of thy righteousness,
And of thy salvation all the day;
For I know not the numbers thereof.
16 I will come with the mighty acts of the Lord Jehovah:
I will make mention of thy righteousness, even of thine
17 O God, thou hast taught me from my youth;
And hitherto have I declared thy wondrous works.
18 Yea, even when I am old and grayheaded, O God,
forsake me not,
Until I have declared thy strength unto the next generation,
Thy might to every one that is to come.
19 Thy righteousness also, O God, is very high;
Thou who hast done great things,
O God, who is like unto thee ?
20 Thou, who hast showed us many and sore troubles,
Wilt quicken us again,
And wilt bring us up again from the depths of the
21 Increase thou my greatness,
And turn again and comfort me.

13 Thus they withdraw. P. P.

15, 16, 18, 19, 24. That the subjugation of the hells, the ordination of the heavens by the Lord, and the glorification of His Human, and the salvation thence derived to man who receives the Lord in love and faith, are the justice and merit which belong to the Lord alone may be manifest from these passages. A. 9715.

20 See Psalm xlii. 8. A. 8278.

See Psalm xlii. 8. E. 538.

20, 24. When He has gained the victory. P. P.

22 I will also praise thee with the psaltery,
Even thy truth, O my God:
Unto thee will I sing praises with the harp,
O thou Holy One of Israel.
23 My lips shall shout for joy when I sing praises unto
And my soul, which thou hast redeemed.

22 The Holy One of Israel is the Lord. A. 3305.
See Psalm lxix. 31, add: Singing with the harp and other stringed instruments signifies spiritual things. A. 3880.

Inasmuch as the Lord alone is holy He is called the Holy One of Israel. A. 9229.

That the Lord is He from whom is every thing holy, and that He is the very holy of holies itself is manifest.
See Daniel ix. 24. Therefore also the Lord is called the Holy One of Israel. A. 9680.

See Psalm xxxiii. 2, 3. R. 276.

Since by the psaltery is signified spiritual good, or the good of truth, and by the harp spiritual truth, or the truth of good, and confession is made from each therefore it is said (see verse 22). E. 323.

22 23. See Psalm xxxiii. 1-4. A. 420.

Here the redemption of the soul means liberation from falsities, for by soul in the Word is signified the life of faith, and by heart the life of love, wherefore to redeem the soul signifies to liberate from falsities, and to give the life of faith. E. 328.

23 See Psalm lv. 18, 19. R. 281.

See Psalm xix. 15. R. 613.

I sing to thee, and my soul which thou hast redeemed. D. P., Page 87.

24 My tongue also shall talk of thy righteousness all the
day long;
For they are put to shame, for they are confounded,
that seek my hurt

24 By tongue in the spiritual sense is signified the doctrine of the church, and of any religion. R. 282.

Tongues signify confessions from religion, and according to the dogmas of religion. E. 455.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)