1 I will sing of the lovingkindness of Jehovah for ever;
With my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to
2 For I have said, Mercy shall be built up for ever;
Thy faithfulness wilt thou establish in the very heavens.
1-3. All Divine truth is from the Lord. P. P.
2, 3, 15. See Psalm xxv. 10. A. 6180.
See Psalm xxxvi. 6. A. 10577.
3 I have made a covenant with my chosen,
I have sworn unto David my servant:
4 Thy seed will I establish for ever,
And build up thy throne to all generations. [Selah
5 And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O Jehovah;
Thy faithfulness also in the assembly of the holy ones.
6 For who in the skies can be compared unto Jehovah ?
Who among the sons of the mighty is like unto Jehovah,
3-6. These things also are spoken concerning the Lord, and not concerning David, for it is said ” I have sworn to David my servant, thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations” which is not applicable to David, whose seed and throne are not established to all generations, and yet Jehovah sware, and an oath of Jehovah is irrevocable confirmation from the Divine Being. E. 205.
4 That the compact of a covenant on the part of the Lord is mercy and election is evident. A. 6804.
4, 5. This also is concerning the Lord. To make a covenant with the chosen, and to swear unto David mean irrevocable confirmation or eternal. truth. David stands for the Lord. To make a covenant regards the Divine good, to swear the Divine truth. A. 2842.
By the seed of David is not meant the posterity of David as a father, for this was not so much multiplied, nor of so much importance that it should be multiplied as the army of the heavens, and as the sand of the sea, but by David is meant the Lord as to Divine truth, thus by his seed those who are regenerated or born of the Lord, and in the abstract sense those things which appertain to them from the Lord, which are the truths of faith and the goods of charity. A. 10249
4, 5, 6. Passages concerning the coming of the Lord collected from the prophecies of the Old Word. Coro. 60.
The Divine truth is from Him because there is oneness with the Divine Human. P. P.
Verses 4 and 5 quoted. D. P., Page 59.
4-6, 20-22, 25-30, 36-38. He who knows that the Lord is meant by David may know why David in his Psalms wrote so often concerning the Lord when concerning himself. L. 44.
4, 5, 15-30. By the throne of David is understood heaven as to Divine truth. E. 253.
4, 5, 20. The Divine Human is the Holy spoken of in Luke i. in Psalm lxxxix. also Daniel ix. Ath. 41.
4, 5, 20-22, 24, 26-30, 36-38. By David in this Psalm is not understood David, but the Lord as to His royalty, which is the Divine spiritual, and is called Divine truth. Verse 4 signifies the unition of the Lord’s Divine with His Human. To make a covenant means unition, to swear confirmation thereof, elect is predicated of good, servant of truth. Verse 5 signifies Divine truth, heaven and the church from Him, seed Divine truth and those who receive it, throne heaven and the church. Verse 20 signifies a prophetic arcanum concerning the Lord. The Divine truth whereby Divine good operates all things is called a help upon one that is mighty. The exaltation of one chosen out of the people means Divine majesty and power thence derived. Verse 21 signifies the Lord as to the Divine Human, and union with the essential Divine, which union in the New Testament is called glorification, and is understood by the anointing. The oil of holiness signifies the Divine good of the Divine love, anointed to be united to Divine truth, which appertained to the Lord’s human in the world. Verse 22 signifies omnipotence thence derived, hand omnipotence of truth from good, the arm omnipotence of good by truth. Verse 24 signifies combat attended with victory against evils and falsities, thus the hells. Verse 26 signifies the extension of His dominion and kingdom over all things of heaven and the church. Verse 27 signifies the Divine Human which is the Son of God conceived of the essential Divine, and afterwards born. Divine truth and Divine power was thence derived to the Lord’s human, He is also called God, and the rock of salvation. Verse 28 signifies that He is above all the good and truth of heaven and the church, because they are from Him. Verses 29 and 30, the days of heaven denote the states of the whole heaven, which are from His Divine. Verse 36 signifies eternal confirmation, because from the Divine, concerning the Lord, and the union of His Human with the Essential Divine. Verse 37 and 38 signify similar things as above where treating of His seed and throne. Of the sun is predicated eternity as to Divine good, of the moon as to Divine truth. A faithful witness in the clouds means acknowledgment and confession from the Word concerning the Divine in the Human of the Lord. E. 684.
4, 5, 12. The Lord is meant by David. R. 3.
See Psalm xxvii. 9. E. 409.
4, 5, 29. By David is here understood the Lord as to His royalty or kingly office. E. 701.
4, 5, 30. See Psalm xxi. 11. R. 565.
4, 5, 30, 37. That faith in the Lord is meant by the seed of the woman appears from the signification of woman, which is the church. By David is meant the Lord, by the throne His kingdom, by the sun love, by seed faith. A- 255.
By David in the Word is understood the Lord as to His royalty, which is the Divine truth in the Lord’s spiritual kingdom. E. 768.
4, 36. That Jehovah, that is the Lord, sware by Himself signifies that the Divine truth testifies, for He is the Divine truth, and this testifies from itself and by itself. R. 474.
4, 36, 50. Since to swear is only what is external corresponding to the confirmation of the mind of the internal man, and hence is significative thereof, therefore in the Word of the Old Testament it is said to be lawful to swear by God, and even God himself is said to swear. This signifies confirmation, asseveration, and simply the verity of a thing. E. 608.
7 A God very terrible in the council of the holy ones,
And to be feared above all them that are round about
8 O Jehovah God of hosts,
Who is a mighty one, like unto thee, O Jehovah ?
And thy faithfulness is round about thee.
9 Thou rulest the pride of the sea:
When the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them.
10 Thou hast broken Rahab in pieces, as one that is slain;
Thou hast scattered thine enemies with the arm of thy
7 See Psalm xviii. 3, 29, 30, 32. Add: For this reason, every angel or spirit that spake with men, and whom they believed to have any power, they called God. A. 300.
See Psalm lxxxii. 1, 6. A. 4295.
7-9. See Psalm xxix.. 1. A. 4402.
See Psalm xxix. 1. A. 7268.
7-10, 14. Thus the Lord has all power. P. P.
11 The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine:
The world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded
12 The north and the south, thou hast created them:
Tabor and Hermon rejoice in thy name.
10 By sea is here signified the natural man, because in the natural man are the common or general things of truth. By the rising of its waves is signified its exalting itself against the Divine, denying the things which are of the church. E. 275.
11-15. All of heaven and the church is from Him. P. P.
12 See Psalm xxiv. 1, 2. A. 6297.
See Psalm ix. 9. R. 551.
By founding the globe and the earth is signified to establish the church. R. 589.
By the heavens and the earth is signified the church in the heavens and in the earths each as to truths. By the world and the fulness thereof is signified the church in the heavens and in the earths each as to goods, fulness standing for goods and truths in their complex. E. 741.
By the heaven and the earth is signified the church, by the world the church as to good, and by the fulness thereof, all the goods and truths of the church. E. 1057. 12, 13. See Psalm xlviii. 2, 3. A. 3708.
By the heavens, the earth, and the world is signified the church, by fulness all the truth and good which constitute the church, by the north those therein who are in an obscure state as to truth, by the right hand those who 12 are in the light of truth from good, thus the same as by the south. A. 10061.
By the heavens and the earths are understood the superior and inferior heavens, also the internal and external church, by the world and the fulness thereof the heavens and the church in general as to good and as to truth, by the world as to good, and by the fulness thereof as to truth. Since these principles, or those who are in them, are in the north and in the south, and the south is at the right hand of the Lord, therefore it is said the north and the right hand. Since such is the quality of Divine truth united to Divine good in those quarters from the foundation of the world, it is therefore said thou hast founded, and thou hast created them. E. 600.
13 Thou hast a mighty arm;
Strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.
13-15. That by the right hand is here understood the south is evident. By the south is signified the Divine truth in light, thus in the supreme sense, in which the Lord is spoken of, it signifies omnipotence and omniscience, which Divine good has by Divine truth. E. 298.14. See Luke xxii. 69, at the right hand of power signifies the omnipotence of the Lord, the right hand means power. A. 7518.
Divine power or omnipotence is also signified by the right hand. A. 8281.
That the right hand signifies Divine power is manifest. A. 10019.
14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation of thy
Lovingkindness and truth go before thy face.
15 Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound:
They walk, O Jehovah, in the light of thy countenance.
16 In thy name do they rejoice all the day;
And in thy righteousness are they exalted.
17 For thou art the glory of their strength;
And in thy favor our horn shall be exalted.
18 For our shield belongeth unto Jehovah;
And our king to the Holy One of Israel.
19 Then thou spakest in vision to thy saints,
And saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty;
I have exalted one chosen out of the people.
20 I have found David my servant;
With my holy oil have I anointed him:
15 Justice stands for the good which is of mercy, and judgment for the truth winch is of faith, hence it is also said mercy and truth. A. 9857.
See Psalm xxxvi. 7. S. 85.
See Psalm xxxvii. 6. W. 38.
The Lord is the Divine good and the Divine truth. The former is signified by justice, and the latter by judgment. R. 668.
See Psalm xxxvi. 7. T. 51.
I spoke with clergymen and laymen, who had gathered psalm lxxxix. 333 together concerning the Divine omnipotence. They said that omnipotence is unlimited, and that limited omnipotence is a contradiction. To which it was answered that there is no contradiction in acting omnipotently according to laws of justice with judgment, and that there is no contradiction in acting omnipotently according to the laws of love from wisdom. Ind. viii.
16 See Psalm iv. 7. A. 10579.
See Numbers x. 1-10. From the uses of trumpets among the children of Israel, it may also be seen what is signified by trumpets and by sounding them in Joel ii. 1, 2: Zechariah ix. 14. (Swedenborg translates: Blessed is the people that know the trumpet sound, instead of joyful sound, or joyful shout.) R. 397.
See Psalm iv. 7. R. 939.
See Psalm iv. 7. E. 412.
By the sound of the trumpet is signified Divine truth gladdening the heart. E. 502.
16-19. Happy is he who trusts in the Lord. P. P.
18 See Psalm xviii. 2, 3. R. 270.
By the horn being exalted is here signified to be filled with Divine truth, and thereby to give power against falsities. E. 316.
18, 19. The Holy One of Israel is the Lord. A. 3305. 18, 19, 25, 26. Our horn and His horn manifestly stand for the power of truth. The Lord’s spiritual kingdom is here treated of. Our king belongs to the Holy One of Israel, means that Divine truth belongs to the Lord. To put His hand on the sea, and His right hand on the rivers, means that strength is in the external and internal knowledges of truth. A. 2832.
19 Since the Lord alone is holy, therefore He is called the Holy One of Israel. A. 9229.
See Psalm lxxi. 22. A. 9680.
Jehovah and the Holy One of Israel. D. P., Page 63.
21 With whom my hand shall be established;
Aline arm also shall strengthen him.
22 The enemy shall not exact from him,
Nor the son of wickedness afflict him.
23 And I will beat down his adversaries before him,
And smite them that hate him.
24 But my faithfulness and my lovingkindness shall be
And in my name shall his horn be exalted.
25 I will set his hand also on the sea,
And his right hand on the rivers.
26 He shall cry unto me, Thou art my Father,
My God, and the rock of my salvation.
27 I also will make him my firstborn,
The highest of the kings of the earth.
28 My lovingkindness will I keep for him for evermore;
And my covenant shall stand fast with him.
29 His seed also will I make to endure for ever,
And his throne as the days of heaven.
30 If his children forsake my law,
And walk not in mine ordinances;
20-26. The Father to the Lord, or His Divine to His Human: that by oneness with Him He has omnipotence over the hells. P. P.
20-38. Verses 20, 22, 26, 27, 28, 30, 37, 38 partly quoted. D. P., Page 59.
20, 26-30. See Psalm ii. 2, 6. A. 9954. Here by David is understood the Lord, by the holy oil with which Jehovah anointed Him is signified the Divine good of the Divine love. E. 375.
21 By David is meant the Lord. A. 9954.
That they afterwards anointed kings, and that they were called the anointed of Jehovah see i. Samuel x. 1; xv. 1. ii. Samuel i. 16, etc. E. 375.
21, 22, 25. See Psalm xviii. 2, 3. R. 270.
By David is understood the Lord as to Divine truth. By his horn being exalted is understood His Divine power, which He has from Divine good by Divine truth. Mercy in the Word when predicated of Jehovah, or the Lord, signifies the Divine good of the Divine love. By servant is not understood a servant in the ordinary sense, but whatsoever serves. It is therefore predicated of truth, because this serves good for use, and in this case for power. E. 316.
21, 26, 28-30. By David, by anointed, and by king, as in other passages of the Psalms, the Lord is understood, which may be clearly seen by those who understand the Word spiritually, but obscurely by those who understand it only naturally. E. 205.
21, 39, 52. The reason why they anointed kings was that they might represent the Lord as to judgment from Divine truth, wherefore in the Word by kings are represented
A. 9954 R. 779 A. 3122 A. 6180 R. 409
This is said of David by whom the Lord is understood Divine truths.
The power of the Lord even to the ultimates of heaven and the church, thus over the whole heaven, and over everything of the church is signified by setting his hand in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers. That the ultimates of heaven are seas and rivers has been frequently shown. These were represented by the two seas and by the two rivers which formed the boundaries of the land of Canaan. E. 518.
26, 27. Speaking of power from truths. A. 4402.
26-28. In the whole of this Psalm the Lord who was to come is treated of, wherefore it is He who should call Jehovah His Father, and who should be the First-born, thus who is the Son of God. L. 19.
26, 28-30. Passages which speak more openly of the coming of the Lord. L. 6.
27 See Psalm lxxviii. 16, 20, 35. Inv. 35.
27, 28. All love is of the Lord, and no whit of love is of man, wherefore the Lord alone is the First-born. In respect to the Lord being the First-born of all as to His human essence, it is thus written. A. 352.
By rock is understood Divine truth from the Lord, or the Lord himself. E. 411.
27-30. That the Lord as to the Divine Human is the Firstborn is evident from David. A. 3325.
27-30, 36-38. There will be eternal oneness with Him. P. P.
28 The first-born is what truth from good, and thus what the understanding from the will first produces, because truth is of the understanding, and good is of the will. This first thing, because it is as the seed from which the rest proceed, is the primary. In regard to the Lord, He s the First-born from the dead, because He is also, as to His Human, the truth itself united to the Divine good, from which all men, who are in themselves dead, live. R. 17
Since the Lord as to His Divine Humanity is called the First-born, by reason that all good proceeds from Him, therefore all the first-born in the Israelitish church were holy to Jehovah. E. 28.
28, 29, 35. Speaking of the Lord. My covenant shall be stable to Him means the union of the Divine itself and the Divine Human, thus it also stands for the Word, for the Lord as to the Divine Human was the Word which was made flesh. A. 9396.
30 That all things of the Word are meant by the law in the widest sense. See John xii. 34. This is here written. L. 10.
The foregoing statement repeated in T. 262.
The foregoing statement also repeated in T. 288.
31 If they break my statutes,
And keep not my commandments;
32 Then will I visit their transgression with the rod,
And their iniquity with stripes.
33 But my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from
Nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.
34 My covenant will I not break,
Nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.
35 Once have I sworn by my holiness:
I will not lie unto David:
36 His seed shall endure for ever,
And his throne as the sun before me.
37 It shall be established for ever as the moon,
And as the faithful witness in the sky. [Selah
38 But thou hast cast off and rejected,
Thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.
39 Thou hast abhorred the covenant of thy servant:
Thou hast profaned his crown by casting it to the
40 Thou hast broken down all his hedges;
Thou hast brought his strongholds to ruin.
31-33- That the laws enacted by the Lord and commanded the sons of Israel were distinguished into commandments which relate to life, into judgments which relate to the civil state, and into statutes which relate to worship is plain. A. 8972.
By commandments are understood the laws of life, especially those which are in the decalogue, which are therefore called the ten precepts. By statutes are understood the laws of worship, which principally relate to sacrifices, and the ministry of holy things. By judgments are understood civil laws, wThich being representative of spiritual laws, were therefore significative of Divine truths, such as are in the spiritual kingdom of the Lord in the heavens. E. 946.
31-38. Even if those of the church should fail there will be eternal oneness with Him. P. P.
35, 36. David stands for the Lord. The Divine good here has regard to the covenant. The thing that has gone out of my lips, has regard to the Divine truth, this on account of the marriage of good and truth which is in everything of the Word. A. 2842.
35-38. These things are spoken concerning the Lord. This is evident from the whole of the Psalm, for His coming is here treated of, and afterwards the rejection of Him by the Jewish nation. E. 205.
37, 38. This is said of David, but by David the Lord is here meant. R. 53.
Concerning the Lord, and concerning heaven and His church. By His seed which shall continue for ever are signified the Divine truth, and also all those who shall receive it. By His throne which shall endure as the sun are signified heaven and His church which are in celestial good, which is the good of love. By His throne which shall be established as the moon for ever, is signified heaven and the church which are in spiritual good, which is the Divine truth. By a faithful witness in the heavens is signified the Word in the literal sense, which is called a witness because it testifies, and because the heavens, or the clouds signify the literal sense of the Word. E. 401.By the seed which shall endure for ever is signified the Divine truth which is from Him, by the throne heaven and the church, as to the good of love and as to the truth of faith. A faithful witness in the clouds signifies that He is the Divine truth, for witness when predicated of the Lord signifies that which proceeds from Him, and this
being of Him witnesses concerning Him. E. 594.
38 See Psalm lxviii. 5. E. 36.
39, 40. Anointed stands for the Lord, anger for a state of temptation in which He was when in combats with the hells, lamentation is described by anger and damnation, as the last lamentation of the Lord that He was forsaken. A. 9930.
The wisdom which is from the knowledges of truth and good from the Word, and from a life according to them is signified by a crown. E. 126.
By thine anointed is understood the Lord, and by being wroth a state of temptation in which He was when in combats with the hells. The lamentation of that state is described by anger and damnation, as was the case in the last temptation on the cross, when the Lord lamented that He was forsaken, for the cross was the last of His temptations or combats with the hells. After that last temptation He put on the Divine good of the Divine love, and thus united the Divine Humanity to the very or essential Divinity which was in Himself. E. 272.
39-43. Of the Jewish nation. It has destroyed conjunction with Him, because it has destroyed the church. P. P.
40 By a crown is signified wisdom. R. 189.
41 All that pass by the way rob him:
He is become a reproach to his neighbors.
42 Thou hast exalted the right hand of his adversaries;
Thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice.
43 Yea, thou turnest back the edge of his sword,
And hast not made him to stand in the battle.
44 Thou hast made his brightness to cease,
And cast his throne down to the ground.
45 The days of his youth hast thou shortened:
Thou hast covered him with shame. [Selah
46 How long, O Jehovah ? wilt thou hide thyself forever ?
How long shall thy wrath burn like fire ?
47 Oh remember how short my time is:
For what vanity hast thou created all the children of
48 What man is he that shall live and not see death,
That shall deliver his soul from the power of Sheol ?
49 Lord, where are thy former lovingkindnesses,
Which thou swarest unto David in thy faithfulness ?
50 Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants;
How I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the
51 Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, Jehovah,
Wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine
52 Blessed be Jehovah for evermore.
Amen, and Amen.
43 The right hand, in the opposite sense, signifies falsity from evil, and reasoning and combat thereof against truth derived from good. E. 298.
44-46. It has utterly repudiated Him. P. P.
47-49. Prayer to the Father that unless He assist, no one will have eternal life. P. P.
48, 50. To create or make a man signifies to reform him by Divine truth. E. 294.
50 Unless oneness is effected. P. P.
50-52. The hells will otherwise prevail. P. P.
51 In my bosom, meaning with himself, as his own.
53 See Psalm xxviii. 6. A. 1096.
See Psalm xxviii. 6. R. 289.
See Psalm xli. 14. . E. 228.
He assists. P. P.
Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)