Psalm 103

1 Bless Jehovah, O my soul;
And all that is within me, bless his holy name.
2 Bless Jehovah, O my soul,
And forget not all his benefits:
3 Who forgiveth all thine iniquities;
Who healeth all thy diseases;
4 Who redeemeth thy life from destruction;
Who crowneth thee with lovingkindness and tender

1 By the bowels — inward parts — are signified the interiors of the thought. E. 622.
1-7. Song in praise of the Lord on account of redemption and reformation. P. P.
1, 4. These passages prove that Jehovah and the Lord are one. R. 281.
To redeem from destruction or from the pit, is to liberate from damnation. E. 328.
1, 22. Soul is used to indicate the life of the spirit of man, which is called his spiritual life. E. 750.

5 Who satisfieth thy desire with good things,
So that thy youth is renewed like the eagle.
6 Jehovah executeth righteous acts,
And judgments for all that are oppressed.
7 He made known his ways unto Moses,
His doings unto the children of Israel.
8 Jehovah is merciful and gracious,
Slow to anger, and abundant in lovingkindness.
9 He will not always chide;
Neither will he keep his anger for ever.
9 He hath not dealt with us after our sins,
Nor rewarded us after our iniquities.

4 It is plain that by Jehovah in the Word no other is meant than the Lord. A. 6281.
See Psalm xix. 15. R. 613.
Verse partly quoted. D. P., Page 87.
4, 5. By a boy or child is signified innocence. A. 5236.

5 To satisfy the mouth with good is to give understanding by knowledges, hence the comparison is made with the eagle. R. 244.
To have the youth renewed as the eagle means as to intelligence. E. 281.
8 They who are in humiliation of heart implore the Lord’s mercy, but they who are in humiliation of thought beseech psalm ciii. 373
His grace, and if these implore mercy it is either in a state of temptation, or is done with the mouth only and not from the heart. That there is a distinction in the Word between mercy and grace is evident from many passages where Jehovah is called merciful and gracious. A. 598.
See Psalm vi. 2. A. 8286.
They who are in the Lord’s spiritual kingdom speak of favour or grace, and they who are in the Lord’s celestial kingdom speak of mercy. A. 10577.
8-18. These are from mercy, because He knows the infirmities of man. P. P.

11 For as the heavens are high above the earth,
So great is his lovingkindness toward them that fear
12 As far as the east is from the west,
So far hath he removed our transgressions from us.
13 Like as a father pitieth his children,
So Jehovah pitieth them that fear him.
14 For he knoweth our frame;
He remembereth that we are dust.
15 As for man, his days are as grass;
As a flower of the field, so he flourisheth.
16 For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone;
And the place thereof shall know it no more.
17 But the lovingkindness of Jehovah is from everlasting
to everlasting upon them that fear him,
And his righteousness unto children’s children;

14 In general, imagination is what a man conceives out of the heart or will, and also from thought or persuasion.
(The word frame has also been rendered “formation” “imagination” and “fashioning.”) A. 586
15 See Psalm xxxvii. 2. R. 401
See Psalm xxxvii. 2. E. 507
17 See Psalm xc. 2. E. 468
17, 18. See Psalm lxxviii. 10. A. 9396
See Psalm 1. 5, 16. E. 701

18 To such as keep his covenant,
And to those that remember his precepts to do them.
19 Jehovah hath established his throne in the heavens;
And his kingdom ruleth over all.

19 In Matthew xxiii. 22 it is expressly said that heaven is God’s throne. A. 5313.
Heaven is not heaven from the things belonging to the angels, but from the Divine of the Lord. The Lord’s throne signifies heaven. R. 14.
That by throne is here signified heaven is evident.
Throne is predicated of the Lord’s Divine in the heavens, which also occasionally, appears as a throne to those to whom it is given to look into heaven. E. 253.
19-22. The heavens and the earth are His, therefore He should be celebrated. P. P.

20 Bless Jehovah, ye his angels,
That are mighty in strength, that fulfil his word,
Hearkening unto the voice of his word.
21 Bless Jehovah, all ye his hosts.
Ye ministers of his, that do his pleasure.
22 Bless Jehovah, all ye his works,
In all places of his dominion:
Bless Jehovah, O my soul.

20 In the spiritual world the power of angels is so great, that if I (Swedenborg) should bring forward all that I have seen in regard to it, it would exceed belief. Angels because they have such power are called powers. H. 229.
20, 21. Angels are called hosts from the truths and goods in which they are. A. 7988.
21 See Psalm xxxiii. 6. A. 3448.
The goods and truths of heaven and the church are signified by the hosts or armies of the heavens. R. 447.
See Psalm xl. 9. E. 295.
The reason why the angels gathered together or consociated are called armies is, because by angels as by armies are signified Divine truths and goods, since they are recipients thereof from the Lord. E. 573.
21, 22. They are called ministers — Isaiah lxi. 6, Jeremiah xxxiii. 21 — because the priests represented the Lord as to Divine good. R. 128.
They are called the host of Jehovah who are in truths, and ministers who are in goods, wherefore it is said that they do His will. To do the will of the Lord is to act from the good of love. They who are in the good of love are in the Word called priests. E. 155.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)