1 Jehovah, remember for David
All his affliction;
General Subject. Of the Lord. P. P.
1 See Psalm xviii. 1. R. 279.
See Psalm xviii. 1. E. 326.
1-5. He will not rest until He sees His church established. P. P.
1-9. See Psalm ii. 6-8, 12. L. 6.
Verses partly quoted. D. P., Page 60.
1-3, 5-10, 17, 18. By David and by anointed or Christ is not understood David but the Lord as to the Divine Human. It is said that His habitations — the habitations of the mighty one of Jacob—are found in Ephratah, which is Bethlehem. By verse 2 is signified irrevocable asseveration before the Lord, who is called Jehovah from the Divine in first principles, and the mighty one of Jacob from the Divine in ultimates, in which the Divine power is in its fulness. Verse 3 signifies not to enter into and know the things which appertain to the church and to its doctrine. Verse 5 signifies before I shall know the advent of the Lord, and the arcana of the union of His Human with the Divine, for these things in the supreme sense are the place of Jehovah, and the habitations of the Divine Human of the Lord. Verse 6 signifies both in the spiritual and also in the natural sense of the Word, for Ephratah and Bethlehem signify the spiritual natural, the fields of the forest the natural, both appertaining to the Word, for there the Lord is found. Verse 7 signifies that He is there found, since He is the Word. His dwelling places or habitations stand for the things which appertain to the spiritual sense, consequently the heavens, which are in that sense. His footstool stands for the things which appertain to the natural sense, consequently also the church, since in it are Divine truths in their ultimates, which serve the spiritual things of the Word, and the heavens, thus the Lord himself, as a footstool, for He dwells in these. Verse 8 signifies the unition of the Essential Divine with the Human in the Lord, and thence peace to all in heaven and in the church. The rest of Jehovah stands for that unition, the ark of his strength for heaven and the church. Verse 9 signifies worship thence originating in love with those who are in celestial love, and worship originating in charity with those who are in spiritual good, priests those in the Lord’s celestial kingdom, saints those in His spiritual kingdom. Verse 10 signifies that they may be enkindled with love, and illustrated with the light of truth, since Divine truth is united with Divine good in the Lord, thus the essential Divine with the Human, and the Human with the Divine, for David as a servant signifies the Human of the Lord as to Divine truth, and the anointed the same united to the Divine good, His face Divine love and illustration thence derived. Verse 17 signifies the power of Divine truth from Him in heaven and in the church, the lamp standing for Divine truth as to illustration. Verse 18 signifies the subjugation of the hells and consequent dissipation of evils, His crown flourish — perpetual and eternal victory over them. E. 684.
2 How he sware unto Jehovah,
And vowed unto the Mighty One of Jacob:
2 See Psalm xlvi. 7, 8. A. 3305.
See Psalm xxiv. 8, 10. L. 14.
See Psalm xxiv. 8, 10. T. 116.
2-7. That these things are said of the Lord is manifest. We heard of Him, we found Him is expressed in the original language at the end of the words by the letter H taken from the name Jehovah. A. 4594.
2, 3, 5. That it is the Lord who is meant by the Mighty One of Jacob is plain. A. 6425.
The Lord is called the God of Israel, and the God of Jacob. L. 39.
2, 4-7. The Mighty One of Jacob is the Lord as to the Divine Human, Ephratah, where He was found, is Bethlehem where He was born, the fields of the forest are the goods of the church among the gentiles. A. 9594.
Here also the Lord is understood by David and by anointed, for He is treated of in this Psalm. E. 205.
2, 5. Jehovah, and the Mighty One of Jacob. D. P., Page 63.
3 Surely I will not come into the tabernacle of my house,
Nor go up into my bed;
4 I will not give sleep to mine eyes,
Or slumber to mine eyelids;
3 The tent of my house stands for the holy of love. To go up upon the couch of the bed means upon the natural to the truth which is from the good of love. Coming into the tent of the house, and going up upon the couch of the bed is a prophetic saying, which cannot be understood without the internal sense. A. 6188.
5 Until I find out a place for Jehovah,
A tabernacle for the Mighty One of Jacob.
4-7. The habitation of Jehovah or the Lord is heaven, and also good, because in good heaven consists. A. 8309.
6 Lo, we heard of it in Ephrathah:
We found it in the field of the wood.
7 We will go into his tabernacles;
We will worship at his footstool.
8 Arise, O Jehovah, into thy resting-place;
Thou, and the ark of thy strength.
9 Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness;
And let thy saints shout for joy.
6 See Psalm xcvi. 12. A. 9011.
When told that they — the Jews — do not know where Bethlehem Ephratah is, where the Messiah will be born according to the prediction in Micah v. 2, and here in David, they answer that still the mother of the Messiah will give birth there, and some say that where she brings forth, there is Bethlehem. T. 845.
6, 7. The subject here treated of is concerning the Lord, and concerning the revelation of himself in the Word. In the fields of the forest means in the natural or literal sense of the Word, the stool of the feet for the Divine truth proceeding from the Lord in ultimates. A. 9406. That the Lord is called Lord and God is manifest. L. 41.
See Psalm xcix. 5. R. 49.
He was born in Bethlehem, let us adore Him. P. P.
6-8. Treating of the Lord, Ephratah is Bethlehem, where the Lord was born. Habitation stands for heaven, where the Lord is. “Thou and the ark of Thy strength” stands for the Lord and His representative. A. 9485.
6-9. Concerning the Lord, who is also here understood by David. Ephratah is Bethlehem where the Lord was born. By Ephratah is signified the Word in its natural sense, by Bethlehem the Word in its spiritual sense. Since the Lord is the Word it was therefore His will to be born there. The fields of the forest signify those things which appertain to the natural sense of the Word. The spiritual sense is signified by His dwelling places, thence also heaven, since heaven is in that sense. By footstool — the natural sense of the Word, and thence also the church on earth, as the church is m that sense. By verse 8, the unition of the Divine and Human in the Lord, and His conjunction with heaven and the church are understood. The Lord had rest and peace, they also who were in heaven and in the church when He subjugated the hells, and disposed all things there and in the heavens into order. The ark signifies the Divine truth proceeding from Him, for by this the Lord has Divine power. Verse 9. Priests those who are in good, saints these who are in truths, thus abstractedly the goods and truths of heaven and the church. E. 700.
6-9 et seq. The Lord as to His Divine Human is understood by David, the anointed of Jehovah. This signification of anointed is further evident in Lamentations iv. 19, 20. E. 375.
6, 7, 9, 10. The foregoing statement repeated in: A. 9954.
See Psalm xcix. 5. A. 2162.
See Psalm xcix. 5. A. 9166.
See Psalm viii. 7. R. 470.
See Psalm xcix. 5. E. 69.
Spoken of the Lord. By His footstool is signified
the church in the earths. E. 606.
7, 8. The ark owing to the law in it was called ” Jehovah there.” Life 59.
The foregoing statement repeated in: T. 284.
God and His commandments make one, for which reason the ten commandments of the decalogue were called ” Jehovah there.” T. 382.
8, The ark on account of the law in it was called ” Jehovah there.” R. 529.
for He united His Divine to His Human. P. P.
8-18. See Psalm xlv. 2-18. L. 44.
9, 10. Let them worship Him from good and from truth. P.P.
9, 10, 17, 18. Here also the Lord is understood by David and by anointed, for He is treated of in this Psalm. This is plain from what precedes in verses 2, 4-7. E. 205.
10 For thy servant David’s sake
Turn not away the face of thine anointed.
11 See Psalm cv. 9. R. 474.
See Psalm ex. 4. E. 608.
By David is understood the Lord as to the spiritual kingdom which is His royalty. By setting the fruit of His belly upon His throne is understood a man who is regenerating by Him, the regenerate being called the fruit of His belly, because they are in truths and in a life according to them. By the throne is understood heaven. These are the things understood in the spiritual sense, but in the supreme sense the Lord is understood and His glorification. E. 710.
11, 12. ” Jehovah hath sworn unto David in truth manifestly stands for the confirmation of eternal truth, therefore it is said, ” He will not turn from it. ” By David the Lord was meant. A. 2842.
It is an eternal truth, that those who worship Him will be saved. P. P.
12 That all the judgments and statutes which the Lord commanded by Moses to the people of Israel were called the covenant, and also the Books of Moses themselves is evident. See also Revelation xi. 19. Exodus xxxiv. 27, etc. A. 6804.
See Psalm lxxviii. 5. R. 490.
See Psalm lxxviii. 5. R. 555.
By David is understood the Lord, by his children those are understood who practise or keep the precepts of the Lord. By covenant is understood the truth of doctrine, and by testimony the good of life according to the truths of doctrine. E. 392.
11 Jehovah hath sworn unto David in truth;
He will not turn from it:
Of the fruit of thy body will I set upon thy throne.
12 If thy children will keep my covenant
And my testimony that I shall teach them,
Their children also shall sit upon thy throne for evermore.
13 For Jehovah hath chosen Zion;
He hath desired it for his habitation.
14 This is my resting-place for ever:
Here will I dwell; for I have desired it.
15 I will abundantly bless her provision:
I will satisfy her poor with bread.
16 Her priests also will I clothe with salvation;
And her saints shall shout aloud for joy.
13, 14. Mount Zion signifies heaven and the church where the Lord alone is worshipped. R. 61 2. Zion — heaven and the church where the Lord reigns by His Divine truth. E. 850.
The Lord dwells in His church because He loves her. P. P.
15, 16. Because there He dwells in truths and goods. P. P.
17 There will I make the horn of David to bud:
I have ordained a lamp for mine anointed.
18 His enemies will I clothe with shame;
But upon himself shall his crown flourish.
17 The Lord is treated of. A horn stands for the power of truth, a lamp for the light of truth. A. 2832.
See Psalm ii. 2-6. A. 9954.
All spiritual budding is of truth derived from good, wherefore also they made formerly horns budding forth. A. 10182.
See Psalm ii. 2-6. R. 779.
David and anointed — the Lord as to Divine truth. By making his horn to bud is understood the multiplication of Divine truths in the heavens and on the earth from Him. A similar thing is understood by, “I have ordained a lamp for mine anointed.” E. 316.
See Psalm ii. 2, 6. E. 375.
17, 18. David stands for the Lord, also anointed, his horn for power, lamp for the Divine truth from which is intelligence, crown for Divine good from which is wisdom, from which also He derived rule. The crown which is wisdom is said to flourish by that which He acquired to himself, as to the Human in the world, by combats against and victories over the hells, these are the enemies which shall be clothed with shame. A. 993.
That the Lord is here meant is evident from what goes before in this Psalm, verses 6-10. A. 9954.
A crown signifies wisdom, because wisdom holds the highest place in man and so crowns him. R. 189.
See Psalm lxxxix. 39, 40. E. 126.
By the horn is signified power, by the lamp the Divine truth from which is intelligence, by crown the Divine good, from which is Divine wisdom, and from which is the Lord’s government. The enemies are evils and falses. E. 272.
The Lord is here understood. E. 375.
For this reason she will be in power and in light against falsities of evil. P. P.
Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)