Psalm 140

1 Deliver me, Jehovah, from the evil man;
Preserve me from the violent man:
2 Who devise mischiefs in their heart;
Continually do they gather themselves together for

1-9. Prayer of the Lord to the Father to be delivered from falsifiers and hypocrites, who purpose evil against Him in the perverted church. P. P.

2-4. See Psalm xxiv. 8. R. 500.

By the evil man and the man of violences are signified those who pervert the truths of the Word. He is called a man of violences who from wicked intentions does this. Such wicked intention is further described by thinking evils in the heart, and the perversion of the truths of the Word by gathering themselves together all the day for war, the ratiocinations by which they prevail are signified by war, wherefore also it is added—see verse 4. E. 734.
2-5, 12. A man of violence stands for those who destroy the truths of faith and the goods of charity. Their fighting against those truths and goods is described by verses

3 They have sharpened their tongue like a serpent;
Adders’ poison is under their lips. [Selah]
4 Keep me, O Jehovah, from the hands of the wicked;
Preserve me from the violent man:
Who have purposed to thrust aside my steps.
5 The proud have hid a snare from me, and cords;
They have spread a net by the wayside;
They have set gins for me. [Selah
6 I said unto Jehovah, Thou art my God:
Give ear unto the voice of my supplications, O Jehovah.
7 O Jehovah the Lord, the strength of my salvation,
Thou hast covered my head in the day of battle.
8 Grant not, O Jehovah, the desires of the wicked;
Further not his evil device, lest they exalt themselves.
9 As for the head of those that compass me about,
Let the mischief of their own lips cover them.

3, 4 and 12. A. 6353.

3, 4. See Psalm lviii. 3, 5. A. 9013.

4 By these words is signified their subtle and treacherous deception — the evil are spoken of. E. 581.

4-6. Those are meant who lead men astray by reasonings. A. 195.

6 See Psalm xvi. 6. A. 9854.

10 Let burning coals fall upon them:
Let them be cast into the fire,
Into deep pits, whence they shall not rise.

10-12. By these words truth falsified is described, which in itself is falsity; by the mischief of their lips is signified the falsity of doctrine thence derived, for lips signify doctrine. By burning coals falling on them, and by the fire into which they are to be cast and the deep pits are signified the pride of self-derived intelligence, and the love of self by which they fall into mere falsities. . . .Hence it is evident what is meant by verse 12, namely, a false religion. E. 455.

They perish through their falsities and evils. P. P.

11 An evil speaker shall not be established in the earth:
Evil shall hunt the violent man to overthrow him.
12 I know that Jehovah will maintain the cause of the
And justice for the needy.

11 See Psalm xxi. 10. E. 504.

12 This is said of the impious who persuade by falsities, think evil, and talk blandly for the purpose of deceiving, tongue here stands for falsehood. A. 11 78.

By tongues in the opposite sense false doctrines are signified. The tongue as an organ signifies doctrine, and as speech it signifies also religion. R. 282.

13 Surely the righteous shall give thanks unto thy name:
The upright shall dwell in thy presence.

13 See Psalm ix. 19. R. 209.

See Psalm ix. 19. E. 238.

13, 14. And those who confess the Lord are saved. P.P.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)