Psalm 110

1 Jehovah saith unto my lord,
Sit thou at my right hand,
Until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

1 That this treats of the Lord cannot be apparent in the literal sense of the passage cited in Matthew xxii. 44, but still that no other than the Lord is meant He here teaches in Matthew. A. 2135.
By a footstool natural things are signified, as well sensual as scientific, and man’s rational therefrom. They are called enemies when they pervert worship, and this from the literal sense of the Word, so that there is worship only in externals, and either no internal worship, or what is defiled. A. 2162.
By sitting at the right hand of God is signified a state of power from truth which is from good, which when predicated of the Lord is omnipotence, also the Divine truth which proceeds from the Lord’s Divine good. A. 4592.
It is plain that Jehovah in David is called Lord in Matthew. Lord stands here for the Divine good of the Divine Human, omnipotence is signified by sitting at the right hand. A. 4973.
See also Matthew xxii. 41-46. From these passages it is evident that the Lord as to the glorified Human, was not the son of Mary, nor of David. L. 35.
Jehovah God calls both himself and the Son of God Lord. By the Son is also meant the Humanity of the Lord. T. 101.
The Lord did not acknowledge himself to be the son of David for it is read in the Evangelists — see Matthew xxii. 42-45: Mark xii. 35-37: Luke xx. 41-44. T. 102.
“The Lord said to my Lord” signifies the Essential Divine, which is called the Father, to the Divine Human, which is the Son. Sit thou at my right hand signifies power or omnipotence by Divine truth, until I make thine enemies thy footstool signifies until the hells are conquered and subjugated, and the evil cast thither. Enemies stand for the hells, and footstool for the lowest region under the heavens, under which are the hells. E. 687.
Verse quoted. D. P., Page 8.
Verse quoted. D. P., Page 38.
1, 2. This whole Psalm treats concerning the battle of the Lord with the hells and their subjugation. The right hand of God signifies omnipotence. T. 136.
By sitting at the right hand is signified the Lord’s Divine omnipotence, by making His enemies His footstool the entire subjugation and prostration of the hells, by the sceptre of strength out of Zion Divine truth to which belongs omnipotence, Zion denoting heaven, where the Lord by His Divine truth reigns. E. 850.

2 Jehovah will send forth the rod of thy strength out of
Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

1-3. Victory of the Lord over the hells, owing to which He has dominion over heaven and earth. P. P.
1-5. The Lord’s combats of temptations with the hells. His interior man as to the celestial is called Melchizedek. A. 1725.
1-7. It is evident what the Lord is as a priest, consequently what the priesthood of the Lord represented, namely, all the work of the salvation of the human race, for the subject here treated of is concerning His combats with the hells when He was in the world, by which He acquired to himself Divine omnipotence over the hells, by which He saved the human race, and also at this day saves all who receive Him. This salvation itself since it is from the Divine good of the Divine love is that of which it is said of the Lord—see verse 4. Melchizedek is the king of justice, thus the Lord was called from His being made justice, and thereby salvation. A. 9809. That these things were said concerning the Lord is evident from His own words in Matthew xxii. 44, etc. By right hand is signified omnipotence, by enemies the hells, by kings those there who are in falsities of evil. By making them a footstool, and by verses 5 and 6 is signified to destroy their power, by smiting through the head over many countries to destroy all. L. 14.
Verses 1, 2, part of 3, 5 and 6 quoted. D. P., Page 72.
1 et seq. These things were said of the Lord as He teaches in Matthew xxii. 42. His dominion over the hells is described. By the right hand is signified the power which Divine truth has from Divine good. The hells and the evils and falses thence derived are the foes to be placed for His footstool, and in the midst of whom He was to have dominion. A. 10019.
1, 2, 4. See Psalm ii. 6-8, 12. L. 6.
Verses quoted. D. P.. Page 60.
1, 2, 6, 7. The head of the serpent means in general the dominion of evil, and in particular that of the love of self. This is the head which the Lord treads down. A. 257.
1, 4, 5. The right hand when said of Jehovah means Divine omnipotence. A. 8281.

1 5, See Psalm lxxxix. 12, 13. A. 10061.
Here is described the combat of the Lord in the world against the hells, and the subjugation of them, which was effected from Divine good by Divine truth. The right hand signifies Divine truth. E. 298.
2 See Psalm xxiii. 4, 5. R. 485.
See Psalm ii. 6-8, 12. R. 612.
By the staff of strength is here signified Divine truth in its power, and by Zion the church which is in love to the Lord and is thence called the celestial church. E. 727.

3 Thy people offer themselves willingly
In the day of thy power, in holy array:
Out of the womb of the morning
Thou hast the dew of thy youth.

3 The Lord is treated of in this whole Psalm, and His victories in temptations, which are the day of His power and the ornaments of His holiness. From the womb of the dawn — morning — means the Lord himself, thus the Divine love from which He fought. A. 2405. This is said of the Lord, the dew of birth standing for the celestial of love. A. 3579.
Concerning the Lord. Because He is the morning He arose from the sepulchre early in the morning, for He was about to begin a new church. T. 764.
This is spoken of the Lord as about to come into the world. ” From the womb of the morning thou hast the dew of thy youth,” means that Divine good and Divine truth proceed from Him, for the Lord as a priest is Divine good, and as a king of holiness, which is Melchizedek, is Divine truth. E. 179.

4 Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent:
Thou art a priest for ever
After the order of Melchizedek.

4 Said concerning the Lord. Jehovah has sworn stands for irrevocable confirmation from the Divine, that is, that it is eternal truth. A. 2842.
Said of the Lord. “After the order of Melchizedek” means that He was both king and priest, that is in the supreme sense, that from Him proceed the Divine good and the Divine truth together. A. 6148.
By the law here is meant the prophetic Word. A. 6752.
See Psalm lxxxix. 30. L. 10.
Hence it is that Melchizedek brought out bread and wine as holy things of the church, even as they are the holy things in the sacrament of the Supper, and that Melchizedek was able to bless Abram, and that Abram gave him tithes of all. S. 101.
See Psalm cv. 9. R. 474-
See Psalm lxxxix. 30. T. 262.
The statement under S. 101 partly repeated in T. 264.
This is written. By the law in the broadest sense is meant the whole Word, in a restricted sense the statutes given by Moses, and in a confined sense the decalogue. T. 288.
Since Divine good and Divine truth are the most universal of all the things of heaven and the church, therefore Melchizedek, who represented the Lord, brought forth bread and wine to Abram, and blessed him. T. 715.
From peace also Jerusalem was called Schelomim, and on that account Melchizedek, who was priest of God Most High, was king of Salem — Genesis xiv. 18 — That he represented the Lord is evident from the Psalms. E. 365.
Jehovah God, or the Lord, never swears, but when God or the Divine verity wills to have anything confirmed before men, then that confirmation in its descent into the natural sphere falls into an oath, or into the form of an oath as used in the world. E. 608.
4, 5. See Psalm ii. 7, 12. Add: He is called a Priest for ever and the Lord. L. 19.
4-7. From this He has authority over the hells. P. P.
5 See Psalm ii. 10. E. 31.

5 The Lord at thy right hand
Will strike through kings in the day of his wrath.

5, 6. See Psalm lxxii. 11. R. 921.
5-7. Concerning the Lord and His combats against the falsities and evils which are from hell. Their entire subjection is indicated. By kings are understood falsities from hell, and by the heathen the evils thence derived. His Divine power is understood by the Lord as his right hand. The subjugation and destruction of falsities and evils from the hells is signified by verses 5 and 6. By His wounding the head over many nations is meant the love of self, from which come all evils and falsities, and its total destruction and damnation. By verse 7 is signified the Word in the letter, to drink of it means to learn some things from it, to exalt or lift up the head the continuation thereby of repugnance, for they who are in falsities from evil cannot be cast down into hell before the things which they know from the Word are taken away from them, since all things of the Word communicate with heaven, by which communication they lift up the head, E. 518.
This passage is explained in E. 518. E. 577.

6 He will judge among the nations,
He will fill the places with dead bodies;
He will strike through the head in many countries.

6, 7. In the opposite sense insanity and folly are signified by head. R. 538.

7 He will drink of the brook in the way:
Therefore will he lift up the head.

7, Rivers signify truths in abundance. R. 409.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)