Psalm 139

1 O Jehovah, thou hast searched me, and known me.

General Subject. Song in praise of the Father by the Lord. P. P.

1,2. To know his sitting refers to the ” Esse ” of life which is the will, to know his rising refers to the intention thence derived, since the thought follows the intention of the will it is added, ” thou understandest my thought afar off.” E. 687.
1-5. He knows everything of His thought and will because He is made one with Him. P. P.

2 Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising;
Thou understandest my thought afar off.

3 Thou searchest out my path and my lying down,
And art acquainted with all my ways.
4 For there is not a word in my tongue,
But, lo, O Jehovah, thou knowest it altogether.
5 Thou hast beset me behind and before,
And laid thy hand upon me.

2 To sit signifies to be in a permanent state, therefore to sit was a ritual received among the sons of Israel when they represented a permanent state of the interiors. A. 9422.

6 Such knowledge is too wonderful for me;
It is high, I cannot attain unto it.

6-10. Omniscience and omnipresence belong to Him. P. P.

7 Whither shall I go from thy Spirit ?
Or whither shall I flee from thy presence ?

7 Spirit stands for Jehovah himself or the Lord. L. 50.

8 If I ascend up into heaven, thou art there:
If I make my bed in Sheol, behold, thou art there.
9 If I take the wings of the morning,
And dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea;
10 Even there shall thy hand lead me,
And thy right hand shall hold me.

8 God is omniscient in hell as well as in heaven, and likewise among men in the world, thus that He perceives, sees, and cognizes their evils and falsities from the good and the truth in which He is, and which in their essence are himself. Compare Amos ix. 2. T. 62.

11 If I say, Surely the darkness shall overwhelm me,
And the light about me shall be night;
12 Even the darkness hideth not from thee,
But the night shineth as the day:
The darkness and the light are both alike to thee.
13 For thou didst form my inward parts:
Thou didst cover me in my mother’s womb.
14 I will give thanks unto thee; for I am fearfully and
wonderfully made:
Wonderful are thy works;
And that my soul knoweth right well.

11, 12. Darkness also signifies natural light, for this compared to spiritual light is as darkness. E. 526.
By these words is signified that the natural man is enlightened by the Lord equally as the spiritual. Natural light is signified by darkness and night, and spiritual light by light and day. E. 527.
Enlightenment in the natural is from Him. P. P.
12, 13, 15. Falsities are signified by darkness, and truths by light, to possess the reins is to know the falsities and truths pertaining to man. E. 167.
13, See Psalm vii. 10. A. 5385.
See Psalm vii. 10. A. 10032.
See Psalm xxii. n. E. 622.
By possessing the reins is signified to purify truths from falses, and by covering in the mother’s belly — to defend from the falses of evil which are from hell, and this from the beginning of regeneration and afterwards continually. E. 710.
13-15. By Him He was formed and from Him He is pure. P. P.
13, !5- See Psalm vii. 10. R. 140.

15 My frame was not hidden from thee,
When I was made in secret,
And curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the earth.
16 Thine eyes did see mine unformed substance;
And in thy book they were all written,
Even the days that were ordained for me,
When as yet there was none of them.
17 How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God!
How great is the sum of them!
18 If I should count them, they are more in number than
the sand:
When I awake, I am still with thee.

15, 16. See Psalm lxix. 29. R. 256.
By all the days here said to be written in the book are understood all the states of man’s life. E. 199.
See Psalm lxix. 29. E. 222.
16 By the written book is meant the presence of the acts of every one. A. 8620.
16-18. Hence all things of the Father are united with Him. P. P.

19 Surely, thou wilt slay the wicked, O God:
Depart from me therefore, ye bloodthirsty men.
20For they speak against thee wickedly,
And thine enemies take thy name in vain.
21 Do not I hate them, O Jehovah, that hate thee?
And am not I grieved with those that rise up against
22 I hate them with perfect hatred:
They are become mine enemies.
23 Search me, O God, and know my heart:
Try me, and know my thoughts;

19-22. The Lord rejects all evil and falsity from himself. P. P.
23, 24. Perfection belongs to Him. P. P.

24 And see if there be any wicked way in me,
And lead me in the way everlasting.

24 “Lead me in the way of an age.” An age signifies what is eternal, since it is said of the Lord, and of His kingdom, and of heavens and of the life there of which there is no end. A. 10248.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)