Psalm 1

Spiritual Correspondences

1 Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of he wicked,
Nor standeth in the way of sinners,
Nor sitteth in the seat of scoffers:

1 To walk, to stand, and to sit are here mentioned, because one follows another, for to walk is expressive of the life of the thought from intention, to stand is expressive of the life of the intention from the will, and to sit of the life of the will, thus of the “Esse” of the life. Counsel also of which walking is predicated refers to the thought, way of which standing is predicated refers to intention, and to sit in a seat refers to the will, which is the ” Esse” of a man’s life. E. 687.

1-3. The man who doth not live wickedly is regenerated by the Word of the Lord. P. P.

2 But his delight is in the law of Jehovah;
And on his law doth he meditate day and night.

2 The law of Jehovah is the books of Moses, for the prophetic books were not yet written, nor the historic except those of Joshua and Judges. A. 6752.

3 And he shall be like a tree planted by the streams of water,
That bringeth forth its fruit in its season,
Whose leaf also doth not wither;
And whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.

2, 3. That a tree signifies a man is evident from the following passages of the Word: Ezekiel xvii. 24: Jeremiah xvii.8: Psalm cxlviii. 9: Matthew iii. 10; etc. T. 468.

3 That a leaf signifies truth is evident from many passages in the Word where man is compared to a tree, or is called tree, and where fruits signify the goods of charity, and a leaf truth therefrom. A. 885.

Waters in the internal sense of the Word signify truths. A. 2702.

By a tree man is signified; and because man is man from affection which is of the will, and from perception which is of the understanding, therefore these also are signified by a tree. There is also a correspondence between man and a tree, on which account there appear in heaven paradises of trees which correspond to the affections and thence to the perceptions of the angels. R. 400.

Rational truths are signified by leaves, because by all the parts of a tree are signified corresponding things in man. . . . With those who are in the goods of love and at the same time in the truths of wisdom there appear (in the spiritual world) fruitbearing trees, luxuriant with beautiful leaves. R. 936.

Trees in general signify such things as belong to man, leaves signify the truths belonging to him, and fruits the goods. E. 109.

Man is like a tree which first grows from a seed into a shoot, and when it increases in height emits branches, and from these boughs, and clothes itself continually with leaves . . . such a tree is described. Coro. 7. PSALM II. 3

4 The wicked are not so,
But are like the chaff which the wind driveth away.

5 Therefore the wicked shall not stand in the judgment,
Nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous.

4, 5. But he who lives wickedly perishes on the day of judgment. P. P.

For Jehovah knoweth the way of the righteous;
But the way of the wicked shall perish.

7 For the Lord knows everyone. P. P.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)