Psalm 5

1 Give ear to my words, Jehovah,
Consider my meditation.
2 Hearken unto the voice of my cry, my King, and my
For unto thee do I pray.
3 O Jehovah, in the morning shalt thou hear my voice;
In the morning will I order my prayer unto thee, and
will keep watch.

1-4, 8, 9, 12, 13. Prayer of the Lord to the Father for help. P. P.
The signification of the morning as standing for the Lord in regard to His Divine Human. We often read of the morning in the Word, and the signification of the term differs according to the series of things treated of in the internal sense. In the supreme sense it signifies the Lord and also His coming. In the internal sense it signifies His kingdom and church, and their state of peace. E. 179.

4 For thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness:
Evil shall not sojourn with thee.

5 The arrogant shall not stand in thy sight:
Thou hatest all workers of iniquity.

5-7, 10, 11. Against the evil, falsifiers and hypocrites. P. P.

He who is in guile meditates evil, and feeds his understanding by it, and enjoys it, and thus destroys everything in his mind characteristic of man, that is of life from the good of faith and of charity. . . . Guile is called hypocrisy when piety is carried in the mouth and impiety in the heart, or when charity is carried in the mouth but hatred in the heart, or when innocence is carried in the face and gesture but cruelty in the soul and breast. A. 9013.

6 Thou wilt destroy them that speak lies:
Jehovah abhorreth the bloodthirsty and deceitful man.

That blood signifies the Divine truth may be clearly manifest from its opposite sense, in which it signifies the Divine truth of the Word falsified or profaned. R. 379. The deceitful are signified in the Word by poisonous serpents, and by crocodiles and vipers, and deceit is signified by their poison. By a lie in the Word falsity and false speaking are signified, and by deceit each of these by design. R. 624.

In the spiritual sense to bear false witness means to persuade that falsity of faith is truth of faith, and that evil of life is good of life, and the reverse. . . . This falsity is meant in the Word by a lie, and the design by deceit. T. 322.

Blood in the genuine sense signifies the Divine truth, and with the recipients thereof truth from good, hence in the opposite sense it signifies violence offered to the Divine truth, and with those who offer what is false from evil. Here by the bloody and deceitful those are meant who are in falsities from evil. E. 329. By violence and by blood is signified the perversion of truth and falsification of the Word, and by guile is signified from a deliberate purpose. E. 866.

7 But as for me, in the abundance of thy loving kindness
will I come into thy house:
In thy fear will I worship toward thy holy temple.
8 Lead me, O Jehovah, in thy righteousness because of
mine enemies;
Make thy way straight before my face.

8 The temple is called the temple of holiness, for the temple in the abstract sense signifies heaven and the church as to Divine truth. R. 586.

9 For there is no faithfulness in their mouth;
Their inward part is very wickedness;
Their throat is an open sepulchre;
They flatter with their tongue.

10 The throat an open sepulchre is predicated of evil, the tongue speaking smooth things, of falsity. A. 3527. The midst also signifies the inmost and thence all, in many places in the Word, even where the evil are treated of. R. 44.

” The right is not in their mouth, wretchedness is in the midst of them.” By wretchedness is signified incoherency,
and thus by wretched one who thinks about the things of the church without coherence. The reason is because they of whom these things are said (Revelation iii. 17) at one time deny God, heaven, eternal life and the holiness of the Word, and at another time acknowledge them, on which account what they build up with one hand they destroy with the other. These things are meant by wretchedness in Isaiah xlvii. 10, 11 : Psalm v. 10: Hosea ii. (a wall of loose stones) etc. R. 208.

Wretchedness signifies falsities not cohering with any truth. E. 237.

In the midst signifies the whole, because in the inmost, for such as the inmost is, such is the whole. From the inmost all other things are produced and derived, as the body is from its soul. E. 313.

The belly (inward part) signifies the interiors. Here also wickedness or perditions, that is evil thoughts, are attributed to the belly. E. 622.

The mouth signifies outwardly or without, and the midst inwardly or within. That within is hell is signified by their throat is an open sepulchre; and that without what is hypocritical and as it were sane is signified by they flatter with their tongue. E. 659.

10 Hold them guilty, O God;
Let them fall by their own counsels;
Thrust them out in the multitude of their transgressions;
For they have rebelled against thee.

11 As transgressions are what is contrary to the truths of faith, they are also deviations and defections which likewise in the original tongue are signified by the same expression, as is evident here. The expression to rebel is used when there is defection and deviation. A. 9156.

11 But let all those that take refuge in thee rejoice,
Let them ever shout for joy, because thou defendest
Let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee.

12 In all these passages exultation signifies the delight originating in love and affection for good. Gladness signifies the pleasantness originating in the love and affection for truth. E. 660.

12 For thou wilt bless the righteous;
O Jehovah, thou wilt compass him with favor as with
a shield.

13 The breastplates being as of iron (Revelation ix. 9) signify that the reasonings appeared to them so strong, that they could not be refuted, for iron from its hardness signifies strength. By breastplates (shield, buckler) are signified protections, because they protect the breast. R.436.

Here good pleasure (favour) evidently means the Divine love from which the Lord defends every one. His defence from love is signified by ” thou wilt compass him as with a shield.” E. 295.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)