Psalm 31

1 In thee, Jehovah, do I take refuge;
Let me never be put to shame:
Deliver me in thy righteousness.
2 Bow down thine ear unto me; deliver me speedily:
Be thou to me a strong rock,
A house of defence to save me.
3 For thou art my rock and my fortress;
Therefore for thy name’s sake lead me and guide me.
4 Pluck me out of the net that they have laid privily
for me;
For thou art my stronghold.

1-5. Prayer of the Lord to the Father, that He may be protected from those who devise evil. P. P.

3, 4. See Psalm xviii. 3, 32, 47. Inv. 35.

6 Jehovah is called Redeemer and Saviour, and as the Lord alone is the Redeemer and Saviour, it is He who is meant by Jehovah. L. 38.

By spirit is meant the life of the regenerate, which is called spiritual life. L. 49.

These passages prove that Jehovah and the Lord are one. R. 281.

See Psalm xix. 15. R. 613.
See Psalm xix. 15. T. 83.

5 Into thy hand I commend my spirit:
Thou hast redeemed me, O Jehovah, thou God of
6 I hate them that regard lying vanities;
But I trust in Jehovah.
7 I will be glad and rejoice in thy lovingkindness;
For thou hast seen my affliction:
Thou hast known my soul in adversities:

To redeem means to liberate from falsities and to reform by truths. E. 328.

6-1 1. And who want to slay Him, whence He has grief of heart. P. P.

Thou hast redeemed me Jehovah, God of truth. D. P., Page 86.

8 See Psalm v. 12. E. 660.

8 And thou hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemy; Thou hast set my feet in a large place.

9 To stand in a broad place means in truth. A. 161 3. The signification of broad in spaces is the extent as to truths, and thus as to what is of doctrine. By breadth the truth of the church is signified. A. 4482.

That length in the Word signifies good and breadth truth may seem a paradox, but still it is so. A. 9487.

In the Word by breadth is signified truth. H. 197.

By breadth is signified truth. R. 861.

By breadth is signified the truth of doctrine from the Word, wherefore by causing his feet to stand in the breadth is signified to cause him to live according to Divine truths. E. 666.

9 Have mercy upon me, O Jehovah, for I am in distress:
Mine eye wasteth away with grief, yea, my soul and
my body.
10 For my life is spent with sorrow,
And my years with sighing:
My strength faileth because of mine iniquity,
And my bones are wasted away.
11 Because of all mine adversaries I am become a reproach,
Yea, unto my neighbors exceedingly,
And a fear to mine acquaintance:
They that did see me without fled from me.
12 I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind:
I am like a broken vessel.
13 For I have heard the defaming of many,
Terror on every side:
While they took counsel together against me,
They devised to take away my life.
14 But I trusted in thee, O Jehovah:
I said, Thou art my God.

15 My times are in thy hand:
Deliver me from the hand of mine enemies, and from
them that persecute me.

10 By the eye, the soul, and the belly are here signified the understanding, and thence the thought of truth, interior and exterior. Thus by the belly are signified the interiors of the understanding, which are said to be consumed with grief when they perish by falsities. E. 622.

By these words, also in Psalm xliv. 26, is described a state of temptations, by the eye is signified the understanding, by the soul the faith and understanding of truth, and by the belly the faith and understanding of good. The reason why this is signified by the belly is, because the belly receives the food, and by food and bread is signified the good which nourishes, in the present case the understanding and faith. The defect thereof in temptations is signified by consuming for indignity, bowing down to the dust, and cleaving to the earth in Psalm xliv. 25, 26. E. 750.

12-14. They treat Him with contumely, as upon the cross. P. P.

15-22. Through trust in the Father He is delivered. P. P.

16 Make thy face to shine upon thy servant:
Save me in thy lovingkindness.
17 Let me not be put to shame, O Jehovah; for I have
called upon thee:
Let the wicked be put to shame, let them be silent in
18 Let the lying lips be dumb,
Which speak against the righteous insolently,
With pride and contempt.
19 Oh how great is thy goodness,
Which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee,
Which thou hast wrought for them that take refuge
in thee,
Before the sons of men!

16, 17. It is manifest that to make the face to shine is to be merciful, and to lift up the countenance is to give peace, the face here again standing for mercy. A. 5585.
17 See Psalm xxvii. 8, 9. R. 939.

See Psalm xxvii. 9. E. 409.

Here by Jehovah making his face to shine upon his servant is signified illumination in Divine truth from Divine love, for the Divine truth which proceeds from the Lord as a sun in the angelic heaven communicates all the light which is there, and also illuminates the minds of the angels, and fills them with wisdom, wherefore the face of the Lord, in the proper sense, is the sun of the angelic heaven. E. 412.

20 In the covert of thy presence wilt thou hide them from
the plottings of man:
Thou wilt keep them secretly in a pavilion from the
strife of tongues.
21 Blessed be Jehovah;
For he hath showed me his marvellous lovingkindness
in a strong city.
22 As for me, I said in my haste,
I am cut off from before thine eyes:
Nevertheless thou heardest the voice of my supplications,
When I cried unto thee.
23 Oh love Jehovah, all ye his saints:
Jehovah preserveth the faithful,
And plentifully rewardeth him that dealeth proudly.
24 Be strong, and let your heart take courage,
All ye that hope in Jehovah.

21 Interior truths are said to be hiding, for the reason that if they had been revealed, they would then have been profaned. A. 4391.

By tongues in the opposite sense false doctrines are
signified. R. 282.

21 See Psalm xxvii. 8, g. R, 939.

By being hid in the secret of Jehovah’s presence is signified the non-appearance of the Divine good before others. To be kept secretly in a pavilion signifies to be kept in Divine truth. The pride of man and the strife of tongues signify the evils of what is false, and the falsity of evil, for pride is predicated of evil because of the love of self. Man signifies truth and also falsity. The strife of tongues signifies the falsity of evils. E. 412.

Here by the secret of Jehovah’s presence in which He is said to hide them is signified the Divine good of the Divine love, for the presence of Jehovah signifies the good of love, and secret signifies inwardly in man. By the pride of man is meant the pride of his own intelligence. By the pavilion in which he is said to hide them is signified Divine truth, and by the strife of tongues the falsity of religion, from which they reason against truths, hence it is evident what these words signify in their series. E. 455.

22 See Psalm xxviii. 6. A. 1096.
See Psalm xxviii. 6. A. 1422.
See Psalm xxviii. 6. R. 289.

23 From despair He imagines himself to be forsaken, but He is not. P. P.

24 25. Let there be trust in the Lord. P. P.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)