Psalm 22

1My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me ?
Why art thou so far from helping me, and from the
words of my groaning?
2 O my God, I cry in the day-time, but thou answerest
And in the night season, and am not silent.
3 But thou art holy,
O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.
4 Our fathers trusted in thee:
They trusted, and thou didst deliver them.
5 They cried unto thee, and were delivered:
They trusted in thee, and were not put to shame.
6 But I am a worm, and no man;
A reproach of men, and despised of the people.
7 All they that see me laugh me to scorn:
They shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
8 Commit thyself unto Jehovah; let him deliver him:
Let him rescue him, seeing he delighteth in him.

General Subject. The State of the Lord’s Passion.P. P.
4, 5, 6, 9, 10-12. Prayer to the Father that He be not forsaken, seeing that He was more despised than all others, that He was the Father’s from conception. P. P.

9 But thou art he that took me out of the womb;
Thou didst make me trust when I was upon my
mother’s breasts.
10 I was cast upon thee from the womb;
Thou art my God since my mother bare me.
11 Be not far from me; for trouble is near;
For there is none to help.
12 Many bulls have compassed me;
Strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.
13 They gape upon me with their mouth,
As a ravening and a roaring lion.
14 I am poured out like water,
And all my bones are out of joint:
My heart is like wax;
It is melted within me.
15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd;
And my tongue cleaveth to my jaws;
And thou hast brought me into the dust of death.

10 Since in the Word natural generations signify spiritual generations, and these are from the Lord, He is called the Former, and He that taketh from the womb. T. 583.
10, 11. Here also is described the spiritual regeneration of man by such things as belong to natural generation. By “Thou art my bringer forth from the womb” is signified to be regenerated from the Lord, and made a man of the church. By ” Thou makest for me trust from my mother’s paps ” is signified the being led afterwards, and spiritually educated. The paps signify spiritual nourishment in such things as appertain to the church, and mother denoting the church. By ” I have been cast upon thee from the womb” is signified that the Lord effected all things from the good of love. “From the belly of my mother” that He effected all things by truths. E. 710.
11 The reason why the belly or the bowels (womb), signify the interiors of the thought or of the understanding is because there are two lives with man, namely, the life of the understanding and the life of the will. To those two fountains of life correspond all the things of the body. . . . It is hence also that the body and the bowels are predicated of thought which is of the understanding, and the heart of affection which is of the will. E. 622.
That man is in the Lord and the Lord in him, and that the Lord has His abode in man if man loves Him, He himself teaches. This abode the Lord prepares for himself in the womb, on which account Jehovah, or the Lord, in the Word is called creator, former, and maker from the womb. Wis. iii.
11,12. As regeneration and thence the church are signified by going forth from the womb, therefore the Lord is called in the Word He that formeth from the womb, He that bringeth forth from the womb, and they who are regenerated and made a church are said to be carried from the womb. A. 4918.
13-19. That those who are of the church where the Word is have condemned Him to death, that they have crucified Him, that they have divided His garments, or dissipated the truths of His Word. P. P.

14 See Psalm xvii. 12. A. 5828.
See Psalm xvii. 12. R. 241.
See Psalm xvii. 12. E. 278.

15, 18, 19. The subject is the Lord’s temptations as to Divine truth, which were the Lord’s proprium and hence are called my bones, and as to Divine good which was the Lord’s proprium, and hence is called my heart. The numbering of bones is desiring to dissipate these truths by reasonings and falsities, therefore also it immediately follows that they parted my garments and cast lots upon my vesture, for garments also signify truths, but exterior. A. 3812.

16 For dogs have compassed me:
A company of evil-doers have inclosed me;
They pierced my hands and my feet.
17 I may count all my bones.
They look and stare upon me;

17, 21. Dogs stand for those who destroy the goods of faith, who on that account are called the companies of the malignant. To deliver the soul from the sword means from the false vastating the truth of faith. A. 9231.

18 They part my garments among them,
And upon my vesture do they cast lots.
19 But be not thou far off, O Jehovah:
thou my succor, haste thee to help me.

19 The Lord’s garments represented truths in the external form, and His tunic truths in the internal form. The division of the garments represented the dissipation of the truths of faith by the Jews. A. 9093.
The waistcoat (tunic) signifies the garment next to the body. A. 9942.
From the internal sense it is evident that by garments are signified truths, and by the Lord’s garments Divine truths. By casting lots and dividing is meant to pull them asunder and dissipate them. A. 9942.
By garments in the Word are signified the truths which clothe good, and in the opposite sense the falsities which clothe evil, for a man is either his good or his evil. R. 166.
That violence was done to the Word in the sense of the letter, but not to the Word in the spiritual sense is also signified by the soldiers dividing the garments of the Lord, but not His coat. E. 195.
Supplication that He may not be forsaken. P. P.
20, 21, 22. A church — will come into existence — from this — that the Lord was assisted by the Father—. P. P.

20 Deliver my soul from the sword,
My darling from the power of the dog.
21 Save me from the lion’s mouth;
Yea, from the horns of the wild-oxen thou hast answered

22 Divine truths from their height are called the horns of unicorns, hence the horn is so often said to be exalted, for exaltation signifies power from the interior. A. 2832.
Since by horns is signified truth in its power, and in the opposite sense the false destroying the truth, therefore speech is attributed to a horn. A. 10182.
By the lion is here signified what is false violently destroying truth, and by the horns of the unicorn are signified the truths which prevail against falsities. E. 316.

22 I will declare thy name unto my brethren:
In the midst of the assembly will I praise thee.
23 Ye that fear Jehovah, praise him;
All ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him;
And stand in awe of him, all ye the seed of Israel.
24 For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of
the afflicted;
Neither hath he hid his face from him;
But when he cried unto him, he heard.
25 Of thee cometh my praise in the great assembly:
I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied;
They shall praise Jehovah that seek after him:
Let your heart live for ever.
27 All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn unto
And all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before

23 Since kings formerly represented the Lord as to Divine truth, and the Divine truth received by the angels in the spiritual kingdom of the Lord is the same with Divine good spiritual, and good spiritual is the good of charity, therefore also the kings appointed over the sons of Israel called their subjects brethren, although it was not lawful, on the other hand, for the subjects to call their king brother, much less is it lawful thus to call the Lord, who is King of kings, and Lord of lords. E. 746.
24 Here to stand in awe of Him means to worship from the truth of faith, for the seed of Israel is the spiritual of the church, or the good and truth of faith. A. 2826.
By fearing the Lord’s name is signified to love the things which are the Lord’s. By fearing is signified to love, and by the Lord’s name, all things by which He is worshipped. That to fear here signifies to love, is because every one who loves fears also to do evil to him whom he loves. R. 527.
That to fear Jehovah God involves and thence signifies to account Him holy and to revere Him, consequently to worship Him with sanctity and reverence. E. 696.
24, 25. By the seed of Israel no other seed is meant than the spiritual church. A. 1025.
25 See Psalm xiii. 2. R. 939.
It is said that Jehovah, that is the Lord, hides His face on account of iniquities, . . . when nevertheless He never hides nor withdraws His Divine good and Divine truth, which are signified by His face. E. 412.
And He endured — the temptation — by power of His Divine. P. P.
27-32. Through this there will be a church that will be gathered together from all parts, and it will worship Him. P. P.

28 For the kingdom is Jehovah’s;
And he is the ruler over the nations.
29 All the fat ones of the earth shall eat and worship:
All they that go down to the dust shall bow before him,
Even he that cannot keep his soul alive.

28, 29. In the Jewish church, and in the Word the Lord and His Kingdom were represented, and consequently the celestial things of love and the spiritual things of faith, and also the many things which pertain thereto such as all things which are of the church. A. 1361.
See Psalm xcvi. 7. A. 1261.
People signify those who are of the spiritual church, and nations those who are of the celestial church. E. 331. 30. Dust signifies that which was condemned and infernal. These passages — also Psalm civ. 29 — mean, that when they turn themselves away from the face of the Lord they expire or die, and so return to the dust, that is, become damned and infernal. A. 278.

30 A seed shall serve him;
It shall be told of the Lord unto the next generation.

31 They shall come and shall declare his righteousness
Unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done it.

31 Seed stands for those who are regenerated, thus those who are of the church and in whom the church is, thus in the sense abstract from persons, those things which make a regenerate person, or which make the church with man, which are faith and charity from the Lord. A. 10249.
See Psalm xxi. n. R. 565.
By the seed which shall serve Him are meant those who are in truths of doctrine from the Word. By: it shall be numbered to the Lord for a generation, is signified that they shall be His to eternity. To be numbered means to be arranged and disposed in order, in the present case to be numbered together. or added, thus to be His. E. 768.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)