Psalm 13

1 How long, O Jehovah? wilt thou forget me for ever?

1-5. The state of the Lord’s temptations, and the grievous insurrection of the infernals against Him. P. P.

How long wilt thou hide thy face from me ?
2 How long shall I take counsel in my soul,
Having sorrow in my heart all the day ?
How long shall mine enemy be exalted over me ?

2 Not to see the Lord’s face means that there will be no mercy, or no compassion. Not that the Lord has no compassion, for He is mercy itself, but it is so said from the appearance with the man who is in evil, for the man who is in evil turns himself away and hides from himself the Lord’s face, that is removes His mercy from him. A. 5585.

Where Divine good is not in Divine truth there the faces of Jehovah are not, and where evil is in what is false, the Divine does not appear. This is meant by Jehovah hiding and turning away His face. A. 10579.

It is also frequently said that Jehovah hid and also turned away His face. See also Psalm xxvii. 8, 9. R. 939.

By hiding the face where it is predicated of Jehovah or the Lord is signified to leave man in his proprium, and thence in evils and falsities that flow from his proprium. E. 412.

3 Consider and answer me, O Jehovah my God:
Lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the sleep of death;
4 Lest mine enemy say, I have prevailed against him;
Lest mine adversaries rejoice when I am moved.

4 In many places in the Word the eyes are taken for the understanding, and so for an inward dictate therefrom. A. 212.
See Psalm ix. 14. A. 61 19.
Every one sees that in these places the understanding is signified by the eyes. R. 48.
The state of the man who is not in truths is called a slumber and a sleep. R. 158.
The eyes stand for the understanding of truth, and are said to grow dim when truth is no more understood. E. 152.

Since watching signifies the reception of spiritual life, it follows that sleeping signifies natural life without spiritual, for natural life compared with spiritual is as sleep to watchfulness. E. 187.
By answering is not understood to answer, but to flow into the thought, to cause to perceive, and also to give aid from mercy. E. 471.
Whilst man is in life from the Lord he is in a state of watching, or wakefulness, but when he is in life from self he is in a state of sleep; or what is the same, whilst man is in spiritual life he is then in a state of watching or wakefulness, but when he is in natural life, separate from spiritual, he is in a state of sleep. What a man then sees is like what is seen in a dream. To live this life is also understood by sleeping and slumbering in the Word. E. 1006.

5 But I have trusted in thy lovingkindness;
My heart shall rejoice in thy salvation.
6 I will sing unto Jehovah,
Because he hath dealt bountifully with me.

He has confidence respecting the victory. P. P

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)