Psalm 21

1 The king shall joy in thy strength, O Jehovah;
And in thy salvation how greatly shall he rejoice 1
2 Thou hast given him his heart’s desire,
And hast not withholden the request of his lips. Selah
3 For thou meetest him with the blessings of goodness:
Thou settest a crown of fine gold on his head.

General Subject. Concerning the Lord. P. P.
1-7. From His Divine He has all good and truth, thus honour and glory. P. P.

4, 6, 7. By the king here mentioned is not understood David, but the Lord, who is called king from the Divine spiritual which proceeds from His Divine Human. As blessing signifies acknowledgment, glorification, and thanksgiving that all good and truth, and thence heaven and eternal felicity are from Him, it is hence evident what is signified by ” thou preventest him with the blessings of goodness ” and by ” For thou settest him to be blessings for evermore.” Blessings of goodness signify truths from good. A crown of pure gold signifies the good from which these truths are derived. Honour and glory signify the Divine good and the Divine truth. E. 340.

4 He asked life of thee, thou gavest it him,
Even length of days for ever and ever.
5 His glory is great in thy salvation:
Honor and majesty dost thou lay upon him.

5 Length applied to time signifies perpetuity and eternity, as length of days in Psalms xxi. 4, 5 and xxiii. 6, but if applied to space it stands for the holiness which follows therefrom. A. 650.

6 7. See Psalm viii. 6. R. 249.

See Psalm xvi. 7. R. 289.

These things are spoken concerning the Lord.. By the honour and majesty said to be laid upon Him are understood all Divine truth and Divine good. E. 288.

6 For thou makest him most blessed for ever,
Thou makest him glad with joy in thy presence.

7 For the king trusteth in Jehovah;
And through the lovingkindness of the Most High he
shall not be moved.

7 This also is said concerning the Lord. When He is called a blessing, it signifies that from Him are all celestial and spiritual things, which alone are good, and because they alone are good they alone are true. Therefore as far as there are celestial and spiritual good things in natural, worldly, and corporeal things, so far these are good, and so far are blessed. A. 1420.

8 Thy hand will find out all thine enemies;
Thy right hand will find out those that hate thee.
9 Thou wilt make them as a fiery furnace in the time of
thine anger:
Jehovah will swallow them up in his wrath,
And the fire shall devour them.

8-13. Those who study the Word are worse off, because they study it from something profane that is within. There is no good and truth. Their heart is stubborn. Verse 14. Hence their destruction. P. P.
10 In these passages by fire is signified all lust originating in the love of evil, and its punishment which is torment. E. 504.

The time of wrath. D. P., Page 71.

10 Their fruit wilt thou destroy from the earth,
And their seed from among the children of men.
11 For they intended evil against thee;
They conceived a device which they are not able to

11 By fruit of the ground are meant works of faith without charity, for these are works of no faith in themselves dead, since they are only of the external man. A. 348. That those who are of the New Church and in the truth of its doctrine are here meant by the seed of the woman, may be evident from the signification of seed in the following passages: Isaiah lxi. 9; lxv. 23; Psalm xxii. 30: Genesis iii. 15, etc. R. 565.

By seed is signified the truth of doctrine from the Word and in the supreme sense, Divine truth. E. 768.

12 For thou wilt make them turn their back;
Thou wilt make ready with thy bowstrings against their
13 Be thou exalted, O Jehovah, in thy strength:
So will we sing and praise thy power.

12, 13. “Thou wilt set the shoulder against them.” To set the shoulder against them means also to resist, thus stands for power. A. 9836.

14 See P. P. under verses 8-13. P. P.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)