Psalm 32

1 Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven,
Whose sin is covered.

1 Mention is made of transgression and also of sin, because of the marriage of truth and good in everything of the Word, for transgression signifies evil against truth, which is less, and sin evil against good, which is more grievous. A. 6563.

2 Blessed is the man unto whom Jehovah imputeth not
3 And in whose spirit there is no guile.
When I kept silence, my bones wasted away

1, 2. The just man is happy. P. P.

2 See Psalm, v. 7. A. 9013.

By spirit is meant the very life of man. It denotes intellectual life or the life of truth. This is manifest from the consideration that by spirit in the natural sense is meant the life of the respiration of man, and the respiration, which is of the lungs, corresponds to the life of truth, which is the life of faith and thence of the understanding, whilst the pulse, which is of the heart, corresponds to the life of the will, thus of the love. A. 9818.

Because the life of man varies according to his state, therefore by spirit is meant the varying affection of life with man, here a life of various evil affections. L. 48.

The angels also explained to me the meaning of the Word in Psalm xxxii. 2 from the letters or syllables alone, showing that the sum of their meaning was that the Lord is merciful even to those that do evil. S. 90.

Spirit signifies the mind of man, and such things as are of the mind. T. 156.

The statement of S. 90 repeated in T. 278. Through my groaning all the day long.

3 Roaring signifies grievous lamentations. See also Psalm xxxviii. 8 and Job hi. 24. R. 471.

Roaring signifies grievous lamentations from grief of heart. E. 601.

4 For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me:
My moisture was changed as with the drought of
summer. [Selah]
5 I acknowledged my sin unto thee,
And mine iniquity did I not hide:
I said, I will confess my transgressions unto Jehovah;
And thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin.

See Psalm xvii. 1. E. 866.

3, 4. The grievousness of temptations is described. P. P.

5-7. Confession of infirmities and deliverance. P. P.

6 For this let every one that is godly pray unto thee in a
time when thou mayest be found:
Surely when the great waters overflow they shall not
reach unto him.
7 Thou art my hiding-place; thou wilt preserve me from
Thou wilt compass me about with songs of deliverance

6, 7. The inundation of waters stands for temptation, which is also called a flood. A. 739.

8 I will instruct thee and teach thee in the way which
thou shalt go:
I will counsel thee with mine eye upon thee.
9 Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no
Whose trappings must be bit and bridle to hold them in,
Else they will not come near unto thee.

8, 9. He is wise P. P.

10 Many sorrows shall be to the wicked;
But he that trusteth in Jehovah, lovingkindness shall
compass him about.

10,11. Let there be trust. P.P.

11 Be glad in Jehovah, and rejoice, ye righteous;
And shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart.

11 See Psalm xiv. 7. E. 660.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)