Psalm 43

1 Judge me, O God, and plead my cause against an ungodly
Oh deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man.
2 For thou art the God of my strength; why hast thou
cast me oft?
Why go I mourning because of the oppression of the
enemy ?

1 See Psalm xxxvi. 4. E. 866.

1, 2. Grievousness of the Lord’s temptations even to despair.

2 See Psalm xxxv. 14. E. 372.

3 Oh send out thy light and thy truth; let them lead me:
Let them bring me unto thy holy hill,
And to thy tabernacles.

3 See Psalm xxvi. 8. A. 9481.

In these and other passages the Lord is called light from Divine truth, which is from Him, and the truth itself is also called light. H. 129.

3 See Psalm xv. i. E. 405.

A tent signifies the church with regard to the truth of doctrine. Heaven and the church as to the doctrine of the good of love were signified by a tabernacle, and the doctrine of truth from that good by a tent, on account of the holy worship by the most ancient. E. 799.

4 Then will I go unto the altar of God,
Unto God my exceeding joy;
And upon the harp will I praise thee, O God, my God.

3, 4. Referring to knowledges of good and truth. A. 420.
Altar stands manifestly for the Lord. Thus the building of an altar in the ancient and in the Jewish church was for a representative of the Lord. A. 921.

The altar upon which burnt-offerings and sacrifices were offered was the principal representative of the Lord, as was afterward the temple. A. 2777.

Heaven is called the habitation of God from this consideration, that the Divine of the Lord dwells there, for it is the Divine truth proceeding from the Divine good of the Lord which makes heaven, since it gives life to the angels who are there, and the Lord dwells in that which is from himself with the angels. A. 9594.

See Psalm xxvi. 6, 7. A. 9714.
See Psalm xxxiii. 2, 3. R. 276.
See Psalm xxvi. 6, 7. R. 392.

The harp signifies confession from spiritual truths.

See Psalm xxxiii. 2-5. – E. 323.
By the altar of God is here understood the Lord as to His Divine human, for the subject treated of is the way to heaven and to the Lord there. The way to heaven is understood by ” send out thy light and thy truth, let them lead me” light meaning illumination in which truths appear. Heaven, into which it leads, is understood by “let them bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy tabernacles.”
By the altar of God is understood where the Lord is in the good of love, and by God is understood where the Lord is in truth of that good. E. 391.

Prayer to the Father that Divine truth may comfort Him. P. P.

4 Since the harp signifies confession from spiritual truths, and spiritual truths are what the angels are affected with who are in the Lord’s spiritual kingdom, — which also dissipate falsities, and therewith the spirits themselves who are in them, — therefore it is said — see i. Samuel xvi. 23. E. 323.

4, 5. Harps signify confessions of the Lord from spiritual truths. R. 276.

5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul?
And why art thou disquieted within me ?
Hope thou in God; for I shall yet praise him,
Who is the help of my countenance, and my God.

5 See Psalm xlii. 12. E. 412.
Consolation. P, P.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)