1 Why do the nations rage,
And the peoples meditate a vain thing?
1 2. Those who should be in the truths and goods of the church are against the Lord; P. P.
1, 2, 6. The Lord was conceived of the Divine itself, and was afterwards born of that. Hence it is that He was not only conceived, but was also born of Jehovah.
Ath., Page 39.
1,2, 6, 7, 8, 12. By the Anointed of Jehovah is here understood the Lord as to the Divine Human. These things in the sense of the letter are said concerning David, but by David in the Word is understood the Lord as to Divine truth, or as King. It is also evident that the subject here treated of is concerning the advent of the Lord, and in particular concerning the last judgment accomplished by Him, and afterwards concerning His Kingdom over all things of the world. The spiritual things which lie concealed and are signified in the particulars of these passages are these; the nations made a tumult, and the people meditated vanity signify the state of the church and of the former heavens, that it was to pass away, nations standing for those who are in evil, and the people for those who are in falses. The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers consulted together against Jehovah, and against His Anointed, signifies the falses of the church and the evils thereof, as being altogether against the Divine good and the Divine truth, thus against the Lord. The kings of the earth stand for the falses of the church, and the rulers the evils thereof. Jehovah stands for the Lord as to the essential Divine, thus as to the Divine good. Anointed stands for the Lord as to the Divine Human, thus as to Divine truth. I have anointed my King upon Zion, the mountain of my holiness, signifies the human of the Lord as to Divine truth proceeding from the Divine good of His Divine love, and thence His Kingdom over all things of heaven and the church. Zion and the mountain of holiness stand for heaven and the church, consequently for all things appertaining thereto. I will tell of the statute, signifies an arcanum of the Divine will and providence. Jehovah hath said unto me, Thou art my Son, to-day have I begotten thee, signifies the Lord as the Anointed, Messiah, Christ and King, thus as to His human conceived and afterwards born of His essential Divine or Jehovah.
To-day signifies a statute from eternity and thence refers to the conjunction and union accomplished in time. Ask of me, and I will give the nations for thine inheritance, and the ends of the earth for thy possession, signifies His kingdom and dominion over all things of heaven and the church, which shall be His. Kiss the Son, signifies conjunction with the Lord by love, to kiss stands for conjunction from love. Lest He be angry and ye perish in the way, signifies lest evils invade you and ye be condemned, for to be angry when it is said of the Lord signifies the aversion or turning away of men from Him, consequently their anger and not the Lord’s, and evils are the things which avert themselves and afterwards are angry. Because His anger will kindle shortly, signifies the last judgment and casting of the evil into hell. Blessed are all they that confide in Him, signifies salvation by love and faith in, the Lord. E. 684.
2 The kings of the earth set themselves,
And the rulers take counsel together,
Against Jehovah, and against his anointed, saying,
2 As Christ and Messiah are the same, and as Christ in Greek and Messiah in Hebrew signify Anointed, it is evident that Christ is the same as Anointed, and likewise the same as King, for kings in general were called the anointed. A. 3008.
Dominion is predicated of good, because from good the Lord is called Lord, and kingdom is predicated of truth, because from this the Lord is called King. So likewise as applied to men in David. E. 685.
The rulers take counsel against the Lord and His Anointed. D. P., Page 63.
2-12. His anger will shortly burn signifies the last judgment from Him. D. P., Page 58.
2, 6. Among the ancients, when all external worship was performed by representatives, namely by such things as represented the interior principles which are of faith and of love from the Lord and to Him, thus which are Divine, anointing was instituted for the reason that oil, by which anointing was performed, signified the good of love. A. 9954.
The kings of the earth stand for falses, and the rulers for evils which are from the hells, against which the Lord, when He was in the world, fought and which He conquered and subdued. The Anointed of Jehovah is the Lord as to the Divine Human, for from that He fought. Zion the mountain of holiness, over which He is said to be anointed for a king, is the celestial kingdom, which is the good of love, and which is the inmost of heaven and the inmost of the church. A. 9954.
Oil signifies celestial good. The reason why anointing with the oil of holiness was commanded is because oil signified the good of love, and represented the Lord, who as to His Human is the very and the only Anointed of Jehovah, anointed not with oil, but with the Divine good itself of the Divine love. R. 779.
They afterwards anointed kings and they were called the anointed of Jehovah. The reason why kings were anointed was that they might represent the Lord as to judgment from Divine truth. E. 375.
The Lord is also understood by the Anointed of Jehovah. See also A. 9954. E. 375.
2, 6, 7, 8, 12. Verses quoted. D. P., Page 58.
3 Let us break their bonds asunder,
And cast away their cords from us.
4 He that sitteth in the heavens will laugh:
The Lord will have them in derision.
3, 4. But men should separate themselves from these, because they are nothing before the Lord, P. P.
5 Then will he speak unto them in his wrath,
And vex them in his sore displeasure:
5 and will be destroyed. P. P.
6 Yet I have set my king
Upon my holy hill of Zion
6 By virtue of truths from the Lord Zion was called the mountain of holiness. R. 586.
6, 7, 8. The Lord will put on the Human and will establish the church, . P. P.
6-12. Now follow some passages concerning the coming of the Lord, collected from the prophecies of the Old Word. Psalm xl. 7: Genesis iii. 14, 15, etc. Coro. 60.
6-8, 12. To these may be added some passages which speak more openly of the coming of the Lord. See also Isaiah vii. 14: Matthew i. 22, 23: Daniel vii. 13, etc. L. 6.
That heaven and the church where the Lord alone is worshipped are signified by mount Zion, may be evident. R. 612.
Mount Zion signifies heaven and the church where the Lord reigns by His Divine truth. To announce concerning the statute (decree) signifies His advent. Thou art my Son, to-day have I begotten thee, signifies the Divine Human, which is also the Son of God. That He hath all power in the heavens and in the earth is understood by verse 8. That there must be conjunction with Him by love in order to salvation is signified by verse 12. The last judgment from Him is signified by, His anger will kindle shortly. They shall be saved who have faith in Him is signified by, happy are all they who put their trust in Him. E. 850.
7 I will tell of the decree:
Jehovah said unto me, Thou art my son;
This day have I begotten thee.
7 To-day manifestly stands for eternity. A. 2838. To-day denotes that the Lord’s coming is present. Hence also it is that an entire period is called in the Word a day, its first state twilight and morning, and the last evening and night. R. 4.
Since God is in all time without time, therefore in His Word He speaks of the past and of the future, in the present. T. 30.
It is known that these things are said concerning the Lord, and that by to-day is understood from eternity E. 23.
Paul says in Acts xiii. t>3, this day have I begotten thee, refers to Jesus. D. P., Page 39.
7 Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. D. P., Page 43-
What is said in David concerning the Son “This day have I begotten thee” is not that it is from eternity but in the fulness of time, for the future in God is present, thus
to-day. Can., Page 43.
7 12. Neither is a Son from eternity meant here, but the Son born in the world, for this is a prophecy concerning the Lord who was coming, and therefore it is called a decree which Jehovah announced to David. This day is not from eternity, but in time. L. 19.
Here is not meant a Son from eternity, but the Son born in the world, for it is prophetical of the Lord who was to come, wherefore it is called the decree which Jehovah declared to David. T. 101.
From the foregoing now comes this conclusion, that every one who wishes to be truly a Christian, and to be saved by Christ ought to believe that Jesus is the Son of the living God. He who does not believe this, but only that He is the Son of Mary implants in himself various ideas concerning Him which are hurtful and destructive of that state of salvation. T. 342.
They alone have faith who believe in the Lord, and others have no faith. T. 384.
8 Ask of me, and I will give thee the nations for thine inheritance,
And the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.
8 In this Psalm it is written before, I have anointed my King upon Zion, and it follows, I will give to Him the nations for an inheritance. T. 101.
9 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron;
Thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel.
9 A rod of iron stands for the power of spiritual truth in natural, for all natural truth in which there is spiritual truth has power. Iron is natural truth. A. 4876.
By a rod or staff in the Word power is signified, and by iron natural truth, consequently the natural sense of the Word, and at the same time the natural light (lumen) of man. In these two the power of truth consists. R. 148.
It is said “the vessels of a potter” because by them are signified the things which are of one’s own intelligence, all of which are falsities, and in themselves of no account. R. 149.
A rod of iron signifies power, whereby the Lord chastises evils, and disperses the falsities which are in the natural man. E. 176.
A potter’s vessel stands for those things in the natural man which are from self-derived intelligence. Being broken to shivers stands for to be dispersed, for dispersion is predicated of falsities as breaking to shivers is predicated of a potter’s vessel. E. 177.
That a rod and a staff signify power, and indeed the power of Divine truth arises especially from their being branches or boughs of trees, which signify the knowledges of truth and good, which are the truths of the natural man, and as they also support the body, they signify power. This is still more the case with a rod of iron, because iron signifies the truth of the natural man. By virtue of its hardness it signifies power which cannot be resisted. E. 727.
And will disperse falsities that are from evil. P. P.
10 Now therefore be wise, O ye kings:
Be instructed, ye judges of the earth.
11 Serve Jehovah with fear,
And rejoice with trembling,
10 By kings here are not meant kings, but they who are in Divine truths from the Lord, and abstractly the Divine truths from which is wisdom. R. 20.
Kings signify those who from the Lord are principled in truths derived from good. E. 31.
10-12. Kings stand for those who are in truths, and from truths they are often called the “king’s sons.” “The Son” here stands for the Lord, who is here called the Son because He is the truth itself, and all truth is from Him. A. 2015.
Let them therefore acknowledge and worship the Divine Human of the Lord, lest they perish. P. P.
12 Kiss the son, lest he be angry, and ye perish in the way,
For his wrath will soon be kindled.
Blessed are all they that take refuge in him.
12 The Lord is treated of, whose Divine Human is the Son. To kiss Him is to be conjoined to Him by the faith of love. A. 3574.
By blowing with the nostrils, or breathing, is signified to be angry. A. 8286.
The reason why anger grounded in the affection of evil 12 is fire, is because anger is from that source, for when what a man loves is attacked the fiery principle bursts forth, and as if it were burns. Hence it is that anger is described in the Word by fire and is said to burn. Anger is attributed to Jehovah, that is to the Lord, but it appertains to man. A. 9143.
The Lord is here called a Son from the truth of faith, which is from Him. A. 9309.
Where a last judgment is impending the Lord with heaven draws near, and of those who are below in the world of spirits only those can endure the Lord’s coming who are interiorly good. That the day of the Lord’s anger signifies the last judgment is plainly manifest.
For His anger will shortly burn. D. P., Page 71.
Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)