Psalm 45

1 My heart overfloweth with a goodly matter;
I speak the things which I have made touching the
My tongue is the pen of a ready writer.
2 Thou art fairer than the children of men;
Grace is poured into thy lips:
Therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
3 Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O mighty one,
Thy glory and thy majesty.
4 And in thy majesty ride on prosperously,
Because of truth and meekness and righteousness:
And thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
5 Thine arrows are sharp;
The peoples fall under thee;
They are in the heart of the king’s enemies.
6 Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever:
A sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
7 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness:
Therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee
With the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
8 All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia;
Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made
thee glad.

General Subject. The glorification of the Human of the Lord, and heaven and the church from Him. P. P.
1 See Psalm xviii. 1. R. 279.

1, 2. A magnificent word respecting the Lord, and respecting conjunction with Him. P. P.

1-3, 5. To ride upon the word of truth and of gentleness of justice is to teach the doctrine of truth and good. Here, as elsewhere in the Word, the terms word, lip, and tongue signify distinct things. That they are things of doctrine concerning charity is evident, because it is called a song of loves. A. 1288.

1, 4, 5. To ride upon the word of truth stands manifestly for the understanding of truth, and upon the word of the gentleness of justice for the wisdom of good. A. 2761. 2-18. He who knows that the Lord is meant by David, may know why David in his Psalms wrote so often concerning the Lord, when concerning himself. L. 44.

3 The Divine truth is His alone. P. P.

3, 4. A horse signifies the understanding of truth in the church. W. H.

3-10. That these things also are said concerning the Lord is evident from all the particulars of this Psalm. Consequently it is himself of whom it is said, ” God hath anointed thee, thy God, with the oil of joy, and all thy garments with myrrh, aloes, and cassia.” The signification thereof may appear from the series, namely, that He has Divine wisdom, and that from Him is the doctrine of Divine truth is signified by, ” thou art fair, far above the sons of men, grace is poured upon thy lips.” To be fair signifies to be wise. The sons of men those who are intelligent in Divine truths, and lips doctrinals. His omnipotence by virtue of Divine truth proceeding from Divine good, and thence the destruction of falses and evils, and subjugation of the hells is signified by, “gird thy sword upon thy thigh,” and the remainder of verses 4 and 5. By sword is signified truth combating against the false and destroying it, by the word of verity, the same as by chariots, the doctrine of truth, by riding upon it to instruct and combat, by the right hand omnipotence, by arrows truths combating, by people those who are in falses of evil, by the enemies of the king those who are against truths thus the hells. That hence the kingdom and dominion would be His for ever is signified by verse 7. The sceptre of rectitude stands for Divine truth which has power and the kingdom. That He liberated the good from damnation by destroying the evil, and that on that account the essential Divine united itself to His Human is signified by verse 8. To love justice and to hate evil signifies to vindicate the good from damnation by destroying the evil. To anoint with the oil of joy signifies to unite himself by victories over temptations. God, thy God signifies the reciprocal unition of the Human with the Divine, and of the Divine with the Human. Divine truths united to Divine goods are signified by verse 9. Myrrh the good of the ultimate degree, aloes the good of the second, and cassia the good of the third. That spiritual affections of truth belong to those who are of His kingdom is signified by verse 10. The daughters of kings stand for the spiritual affections of truth, which are called precious when the truths are genuine. That heaven and the church are in His protection and conjoined to Him because principled in love to Him and from Him is signified by verse 10. The queen signifies heaven and the church, at thy right hand in His protection by virtue of conjunction with Him. Best gold of Ophir signifies the good of love to the Lord. E. 684.

3, 14, 17. Here, the Lord is treated of. “Instead of thy fathers shall be thy sons” means that Divine truths shall be as Divine goods. The king’s daughter the love of truth, the clothing inwrought with gold the quality of that truth derived from good. The subject is the Lord and His Divine Human, as is manifest from the whole Psalm. A. 3703.

4 Speaking of the Lord, where sword stands for truth combating and thigh for the good of love. To gird the sword upon the thigh signifies that the truth from which He would fight would be from the good of love. A. 3021.

It is said the sword upon the thigh, because truth combating against the false and evil and conquering must be derived from good. All the power of truth is from that source. Truth without good is not indeed truth, for it is only a scientific principle without life, hence truth without good has no power. A. 10488.

The thigh signifies the good of love, and when speaking of the Lord the Divine good of the Divine love. R. 830.

4, 5. A sword signifies the truth of faith combating. Here the Lord is treated of. A. 2799.

See Psalm viii. 6. R. 249.

A horse means the understanding of truth — ride upon the Word of truth. R. 298.

This passage also treats concerning the Lord. To gird the sword upon the thigh signifies Divine truth combating from Divine good. E. 288.

4-6. A sword truth combating against falsities and destroying them. This is said of the Lord. R. 52.

4 These words are concerning the Lord, and concerning His combats with the hells, and concerning His victories over them. T. 86.

By a sword is signified truth combating and destroying. This destruction appears especially in the spiritual world, where they who are in falsities cannot sustain the truth, but are in a state of anguish, as if they struggled with death when they come into the sphere of light, that is into the sphere of Divine truth. E. 131.

He has powerfully conquered the hells by means of Divine truth. P. P.

Of the judgment executed by the Lord. D. P., Page 72.

4-8. This also is concerning combats with the hells and concerning their subjugation, for the Lord is treated of in the whole of this Psalm, namely, His combats, His glorification, and the salvation of the faithful by Him. L. 14.

See Psalm xxiv. 8, 10. T. 116.

4 to end of this Psalm. Verses quoted. D. P., Page 59.

4, 5, 10. These things are said concerning the Lord. To gird the sword upon the thigh signifies Divine truth combating from Divine good, wherefore it is said, with thy glory and thy majesty. Glory when predicated of the Lord signifies truth, and majesty Divine good. To ride prosperously signifies to combat from Divine good. The omnipotence and omniscience of the Lord are signified by “thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.” “King’s daughters among thy honorable women” signify he affections of truth. The queen upon thy right hand in gold of Ophir, signifies heaven and the church and those therein who are in truths from good, the right hand standing for truth in light, and gold of Ophir the good of love. E. 298.

5 Speaking of the Lord. Riding upon the word of truth means being in the very understanding of truth. A. 6534. W. H.

9 Kings’ daughters are among thy honorable women:
At thy right hand doth stand the queen in gold of Ophir.
10 Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine
Forget also thine own people, and thy father’s house:
11 So will the king desire thy beauty;
For he is thy lord; and reverence thou him.

10 Gold stands for the good of love. Gold from Ophir is spiritual good. A. 9881.

See Psalm xxxvi. 8. R. 789.

To stand before God signifies to be in the Divine truth, consequently with the Lord. E. 639.

The subject treated of in this Psalm is concerning the Lord and His kingdom. By the daughters of kings among the precious ones are signified the affections of truth, which are called among the precious, because precious in the Word is predicated of truths. By the queen standing at the right hand in gold of Ophir is signified the church from the reception of good from the Lord, for all things with man which belong to his right side have reference to good, and those on the left to truth. E. 11 20.

Thus also there are affections for truth, and in these are the societies of heaven. P. P.

10-16. By the king the Lord is here meant, by the queen the church as a wife, by the daughters and virgins affections for good and truth. R. 620.

The Lord also describes His marriage with the church in these words. M. 21.

The foregoing statement repeated in T. 748.

By the daughters of kings are signified affections of Divine truth, by the queen at his right hand in purest gold of Ophir is signified heaven and the church, which are in Divine truth from Divine good. To hear, to see, and incline the ear which are predicated of the king’s daughter signify to hearken, perceive, and obey, thus to understand, to act, and be wise from the Lord. That then she will be accepted of the Lord is signified by, then shall the king be delighted in thy beauty, beauty being predicated of the affection of truth, for this constitutes the beauty of angels. Bow thyself down to him signifies worship from a humble heart. The daughter of Tyre with an offering signifies worship from those who are in the knowledges of truth. The rich of the people shall entreat thy face signifies adoration from those who are in intelligence from those knowledges. The daughter of the king is all glorious within signifies the spiritual affection of truth, which is called glorious from the abundance of truth. Within signifies the spiritual. Her clothing inwrought with gold signifies investing truths formed from the good of love. She shall be brought to the king in raiment of needlework signifies appearances of truth, such as are in the literal sense of the Word. The virgins after her, her friends signifies the spiritual-natural affections of truth, which are of service. With joy and exultation they shall be brought, they shall come into the palace of the king, signifies with celestial joy into heaven where the Lord is. E. 863.

10-17. Daughters stand for goods very frequently in the Word. Here the good and beauty of love is described by the daughter. A. 490.

10 et seq. Since all things which are in the books of the Word, as well those in the historical as those in the prophetical books are representative and significative of Divine- celestial and spiritual things, therefore the affection of that truth is described by the daughter of a king, and the truth itself by her garments. A. 9942.

10, 11, 14, 15. By the king’s daughter is signified the affection of truth, and thence the church. E. 395.

10, 14. Gold from correspondence signifies the good of love. R. 913.

This passage treats of the Lord. By the king’s daughter is understood the church which is in the affection of truth, and which is described by king’s daughters being among her honorable women, by whom are understood the affections of truth themselves. By the queen is understood the Lord’s celestial kingdom, which is in the good of love, by her clothing is understood that truths are derived from good. E. 242.

11 Of the church where the Word is: it should depart from the affections of the natural man, P. P.

12 Thus will it be the church of the Lord. P. P.

12, 14, 15. See Psalm xx. 10. R. 664.

12 And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift;
The rich among the people shall entreat thy favor.
13 The king’s daughter within the palace is all glorious:
Her clothing is inwrought with gold.
14 She shall be led unto the king in broidered work:
The virgins her companions that follow her
Shall be brought unto thee.
15 With gladness and rejoicing shall they be led:
They shall enter into the king’s palace.
16 Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children,
Whom thou shalt make princes in all the earth.

13 What is meant by the daughter of Zidon and the daughter of Tyre is plain from the signification of Zidon and of Tyre. See Arcana No. 1 201. A. 3024.

By daughters are also signified the false religions of many nations, as the daughter of Tyre, the daughter of Edom — Lamentations iv. 22 — the daughters of Chaldeans and of Babylon, — Psalm cxxxvii. 8. A. 6729.

In this passage is described the church as to the affection of truth, and she is called the daughter of a king, for daughter stands for the church as to affection, and king for truth. A. 10227.

By the rich in the Word, in the spiritual sense, are meant those who are in the knowledges of truth and good, and by riches the knowledges themselves, which are in fact spiritual riches. H. 365.

This is said of Tyre — Ezekiel xxviii. 4, 5 — by which the knowledge of truth and good is signified. R. 206. The church is here described as to the affection of truth, which is understood by the daughter of Tyre, for a daughter stands for the church as to affection, and a king’ denotes truth. E. 236.

13, 14. Here by the king’s daughter is signified the spiritual affection of truth, and by the daughter of Tyre the affection of the knowledges of truth and good. To be enriched with these is signified by being there with a gift. By the rich among the people are signified the intelligent, and abstractedly the intelligence of truth and good, to be gifted with these is signified by entreating his favour or face, for in the spiritual affection of truth are contained all things pertaining to intelligence, which are therefore signified by the face. E. 412.

13-15. And thus it will have cognitions of truth and good with subservient knowledges. P. P.

14, 15. The king’s daughter represents the Lord’s spiritual kingdom, the virgins her companions that follow her represent affections for truth. A. 3081.

The king’s daughter standing for affection for truth, her clothing inwrought with gold for truths wherein is good, broidered work for the lowest truths. A. 5954.

The king’s daughter stands for the affection for truth, needlework for the scientific of truth. A. 9688.

The king’s daughter is the church as to affection for truth. R. 166.

By the king’s daughter is signified the spiritual affection of truth and hence the church from those who are in that affection. The king signifies the Lord as to Divine truth, the raiment of needlework intelligence and wisdom from that truth. The embroidery in which she should be brought to the king signifies the knowledges of truth. E. 195.

14, 15, 17. The king’s daughter is the Lord’s spiritual kingdom, which is called His spiritual kingdom from the Lord’s Divine truth, here described by her clothing inwrought with gold and of broidered work. Sons are the truths of that kingdom that are from the Lord’s Divine which should be princes, truth that is primary. A. 5044.

16 So there will be conjunction with the Lord in heaven. P. P.

17 I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations:
Therefore shall the peoples give thee thanks for ever
and ever.

17 It will possess primary truths. P. P.

18 The whole church will serve the Lord. P. P.

Author: EMANUEL SWEDENBORG (1688-1772)